diet Helvetica,sans-serif;”>CRAIG M. YOUNG
Oregon Institute of Marine Biology
University of Oregon
P.O. Box 5389, Charleston, OR 97420

Telephone: (541) 888-2581 ext. 299
Fax: (541) 888-3250
E-mail: cmyoung@darkwing.uoregon.edu

PERSONAL DATA:
Date of Birth: August 20, 1952 Citizenship: United States
Family Status: married, four children

EDUCATION:
Ph.D. (Zoology), University of Alberta, Canada, 1982. (Dissertation: Larval behavior, predation, and early post-settlement mortality as determinants of spatial distribution in subtidal ascidians of the San Juan Islands, Washington. 260 pp.)
M.S. (Zoology), Brigham Young University, Utah, 1978. (Thesis: Studies on solitary ascidians: larval ecology and functional morphology. 96 pp.)
B.S. (Zoology, Botany Minor), Brigham Young University, Utah, 1975.
Additional Graduate Courses: University of Washington (Friday Harbor Laboratories), 1977-1981; Stanford University (Hopkins Marine Station), California, 1975.

RESEARCH INTERESTS:
Invertebrate Zoology, Marine Biology, Oceanography and Ecology, with an emphasis on early life-history stages of marine benthic invertebrates. Larval ecology, behavior and locomotion. Embryology, reproduction and ecology of benthos in the deep-sea, including hydrothermal vents and cold seeps. Fjords, deep reefs, subtidal rock wall communities. Systematics and functional morphology of ascidians and echinoderms. History of biology and oceanography.

ACADEMIC POSITIONS:
University of Oregon:
Professor of Biology and Director, Oregon Institute of Marine Biology (2002-)
Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution:
Senior Scientist, Division of Marine Science (1993-2002).
Acting Director, Division of Marine Science (intermittently, 1993-2002).
Associate Scientist, ECOS Division & Division of Marine Science (1988-1993).
Assistant Research Scientist, Division of Marine Science (1985-1988).
Department Head, Department of Larval Ecology (1985-2002).
University Faculty Appointments:
Honorary Fellow, Southampton Oceanography Centre, U.K. (1999-present)
Visiting Professor of Life Sciences, Kings College London (1995-present).
Professor of Biol. Sciences, Florida Institute of Technology (1991-2002).
Courtesy Professor of Biol. Sciences, Florida State University (1985-1999).
Courtesy Professor of Biology, Florida Atlantic University (1991-present).
Associate in Research, Dept. of Biology, Florida State University (1982-1985).
Sessional Lecturer, Department of Zoology, University of Alberta (1981-1982).
Short-term Visiting Faculty Appointments:
Course Instructor, Friday Harbor Laboratories, Univ. of Washington, 2002
Course Instructor, Darling Marine Center, University of Maine, 1993.
Course Instructor, Kristineberg Marine Biological Station, Sweden, 1993.
Course Instructor, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, 1988.
Course Instructor, Bamfield Marine Station, British Columbia, 1984, 1985.
Course Instructor, Leon and Madison County Schools, Florida, 1984-1985.
Graduate Assistantships:
Research Assistant, Eyring Research Institute, Utah, 1978.
Teaching Assistant, University of Alberta, 1978-1979.
Research Assistant, University of Alberta, 1980-1981.
Teaching Assistant, Brigham Young University, 1975-1977.
Research Assistant, Brigham Young University, 1977-1978.

GRANT SUPPORT:
National Science Foundation:
NSF (Biological Oceanography) Grant OCE-8400406: “Consequences of Larval Predation in a Marine Epifaunal Community” 1984-1985 ($54,000.00).
NSF (Biological Oceanography) Grant OCE-8544845: “Consequences of Larval Predation in a Marine Epifaunal Community” (transfer & extension) 1985-1987.
NSF (Biological Oceanography) Grant OCE-8717922: “Reproduction and Larval Ecology of Bathyal Echinoderms” 1988-1990 (P.I.s: C.M. Young, J.L. Cameron) ($263,329.00).
NSF (Biological Oceanography) (awarded as a supplement to OCE-8717922): “Symposium on Field Inferences in the Ecology of Marine Invertebrate Larvae” 1988-1990 ($3000.00).
NSF (Biological Oceanography): Grant OCE-8916264: “Fertilization Ecology and Kinetics of Deep-Sea Echinoderms” 1990-1992 (P.I.s: C.M. Young, K.J. Eckelbarger) ($340,230.00 + ship time).
NSF (Biotic Systems and Resources): Grant DIR-9013181: “A laboratory for the culture of oceanic and deep-sea organisms” 1990-1993. (P.I.’s: C.M. Young, E.A. Widder, K.J. Eckelbarger) ($47,979).
NSF (Biological Oceanography): Grant OCE-9116560: “Entrainment of seasonal reproductive cycles in echinoderms living below the euphotic zone” 1992-1995 ($201,268.00 + $390,000.00 ship time = $591,268.00).
NSF (Biological Oceanography): Grant OCE-9633784: “Reproductive responses to phytodetrital pulses in deep-sea invertebrates with seasonal and continuous breeding.” 1997-2000. ($347,650.00 + 527,000 ship time = $874,650.00).
NSF (Biological Oceanography): Grant OCE-9619606: “Dispersal potential of hydrothermal vent animals: larval energetics, depth regulation and field distribution.” 1997-2001. (P.I.’s: D.T. Manahan, L.S. Mullineaux, C.M. Young). ($1,174,994.00 + Alvin & ship time; Young’s portion: $397,608.00)
NSF (Biological Oceanography): Grant OCE-0118733: “Energy sources for reproduction and development in a cold-seep mixotrophic mussel (P.I.’s: C.M. Young, S. Macko) ($421,897 + 11 cruises).
NSF (Biological Oceanography): OCE-0118733: Supplement for ship and submersible support in 2003-2004 ($60,000 + 3 days shiptime).
NSF (Biological Oceanography): OCE-0527139: “Collaborative Research: Deepsea larvae as grazers in the midwater microbial loop” 2006-2010 (P.I.’s: C.M. Young, A. M. Wood, R.B. Emlet) ($704,887 + $200,000 submersible costs + 3 cruises).
NSF (Biological Infrastructure): FSML 2005-041: Housing and facility improvements for visiting investigators and students at the Oregon Institute of Marine Biology. 2006-2009. (P.I.: C.M. Young). $274,856.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization:
NATO (International Scientific Exchange Programmes). “Experimental reproductive biology of deep-sea invertebrates.” 1990-1991. (P.I.’s: C.M. Young, P.A. Tyler) ($9,547.00).
NATO (International Scientific Exchange Programmes). “Experimental reproductive biology of deep-sea invertebrates.” 1992-1993 (P.I.’s: C.M. Young, P.A. Tyler) (renewal funding: $5,389.00).
NATO (International Scientific Exchange Programmes). “Experimental reproductive biology of deep-sea invertebrates.” 1993-1994 (P.I.’s: C.M. Young, P.A. Tyler, R.L. Emson) (renewal funding: $5,000.00).
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NOAA (National Undersea Research Program, University of Hawaii). “Reproduction, Fertilization and Development of Abyssal Echinoderms” 1990 (P.I.’s: C.M. Young, J.L. Cameron & K.J. Eckelbarger) (submersible time).
NOAA (National Undersea Research Program, U. of Hawaii). “Reproductive Ecology of Deep-Sea Echinoderms.” 1988 (P.I.’s: C.M. Young & J.L. Cameron)
NOAA (National Undersea Research Program) “Limits of bathymetric distribution in deep-sea echinoderms: the role of embryonic pressure tolerances I. Sea Cliff. 1992 (submersible time plus $2750.00 in science funding).
NOAA (National Undersea Research Program) “Limits of bathymetric distribution in deep-sea echinoderms: the role of embryonic pressure tolerances II. Pisces V. 1993. (submersible time).
NOAA (National Undersea Research Program, University of Hawaii) “Limits of bathymetric distribution in deep-sea echinoderms: the role of embryonic pressure tolerances. ROV. 1994. (ROV time plus $2,822.00 in science funding).
NOAA (National Undersea Research Program, University of North Carolina, Wilmington). “Larval biology and gametogenesis in a deep-sea community with continuous nutrient input: cold seeps on the Louisiana Slope.” 1995-1996 (submersible time plus $37,000.00 science funding).
NOAA (Caribbean Marine Research Center). “Reproductive biology and the limits of bathymetric distribution in lithistid sponges and stalked crinoids.” 1995-1996 (submersible time plus $12,000.00 science funding).
NOAA (Caribbean Marine Research Center). “Reproductive success, larval dispersal and recruitment of an endangered sea star, Oreaster reticulatus.” 1996-1997. (P.I.’s: C.M. Young, R.B. Scheibling, A. Metaxas) ($26,000.00).
NOAA (National Undersea Research Program, University of Hawaii) “Ecological roles and faunal associates of abundant hexactinellid sponges on the Hawaiian Slope.” 2001 (submersible time and ROV time).
NOAA (National Undersea Research Program, Wilmington). “Ecological consequences of egg production in cold-seep polychaetes.” (2003-2004) ($59,996.00).
NOAA (Caribbean Marine Research Center). “Reproduction, dispersal and recruitment of coral-associated sponges.” (P.I.’s: C.M. Young, M. Maldonado, A. M. Sole Cava, J. Wulff). 2001-2002 ($30,000.00 plus 12 man-months of full support at field station).
NOAA (National Undersea Research Program, University of Hawaii). “Ecological patterns in deep-sea macro- and microbiotic communities on Vailulu’u and Ta’u seamounts, eastern Samoa.” (P.I.’s: C.M. Young and Adele Pile). 2004-2005. (Ship time and travel support )
NOAA (Oregon Seagrant, Oregon State University). Participant support for graduate student training in ecology of deep-sea organisms. (P.I.’s: C.M. Young and S. Rumrill). 2003. ($4,000).
NOAA (Office of Ocean Exploration). Macrobiological Characterization of Vailulu’u Seamount, an Active Volcano off American Samoa (P.I.’s C.M. Young, R. Lee). 2005. ($84,097).
National Marine Fisheries Service
NMFS (MARFIN) “Maintenance of critical fish spawning habitat: reproduction of the ivory tree coral, Oculina varicosa.” (P.I.’s: C.M. Young and S. Brooke). 1999-2001 ($68,396).
NMFS (Auke Bay Lab, Alaska). “Reproductive ecology of deep-water hydrocorals and stony corals from the Aleutian Islands. (P.I.’s: C.M. Young and S. Brooke). 2003-2004. ( $20,000).
Mineral Management Service
MMS contract administered by Continental Shelf Associates. “Characterization of Northern Gulf of Mexico deepwater hard bottom communities with emphasis on Lophelia coral.” (P.I.’s: S. Viada, C.M. Young, S. Brooke, W. Schroeder, C. Fisher). 2004-2006. (U. Oregon portion: $229,847 plus 16 days ship and sub time).
Miscellaneous:
Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences: “Subtidal research on larvae of fjord ascidians.” 1990 ($8000.00 travel grant).
Scottish Association for Marine Sciences: Travel Bursary, 1993. ($850.00).
Lerner-Gray Fund for Marine Research: “The relationship between larval behavior and fitness in a subtidal bryozoan, Rhyncozoon rostratum” 1983 ($1200.00).
World Bank: March for Conservation, Sri Lanka. “Biodiversity skills enhancement project.” 1996-1997 ($6000.00 travel grants).

INVITED SEMINARS:
Harvard University (Museum of Comparative Zoology) (2005)
Hatfield Marine Science Center, Oregon State University (2002)
Southwestern Oregon Community College (2003)
Smithsonian Marine Station at Ft. Pierce (2002)
Shoals Marine Laboratory, Maine (1996)
Georgia Southern University (1997)
University of Bergen, Norway (1996)
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Massachusetts (1996)
British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, U.K. (1995)
Southampton Oceanography Center, U.K. (1995)
Kings College, University of London, U.K. (1995, 1997)
Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, California (1993, 1998)
University of Connecticut, Avery Point (1993)
University of New Hampshire, Durham (1993)
University of Oregon, Eugene (1991, 2001)
Oregon Institute of Marine Biology, Charleston (1991, 2001)
Scripps Institute of Oceanography, California (1991, 2003)
Institute of Oceanographic Sciences (Deacon Laboratory), England (1991)
University of Southampton, England (1991)
University of Massachusetts, Boston (1991)
University of Stockholm, Sweden (1990)
Tjarno Marine Laboratory, Sweden (1990)
Dauphin Island Marine Laboratory, Alabama (1990, 1997)
University of Sydney, Australia (1989)
University of Wollongon, Australia (1989)
Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton (1989, 1991)
Kewalo Marine Laboratory, University of Hawaii (1988)
Kristineberg Marine Biological Station, Sweden (1986, 1990)
Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen, Denmark (1986, 1990)
Brigham Young University, Utah (1986, 1998)
Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne (1986, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1996)
Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge (1985)
University of Florida, Gainesville (1985)
University of Southwestern Louisiana, Lafayette (1985)
Harbor Branch Foundation, Ft. Pierce (1985)
Florida State University, Tallahassee (1982, 1984, 1988, 2000)
Bamfield Marine Station, British Columbia (1984, 1985)
Hopkins Marine Station, Pacific Grove (1982, 2004)
Bodega Bay Marine Station, California (1982)
University of California, Santa Cruz (1982)
Friday Harbor Laboratories, Washington (1981)
Ohlone College, California (1971)

INVITED PLENARY, KEYNOTE AND SYMPOSIUM TALKS:
Keynote Speaker: Larval Biology Meetings (Hong Kong, 2004)
Plenary Speaker: Larval Biology Meetings (Vigo, Spain, 2002)
Invited Speaker: Opening ceremonies for new marine lab, Hong Kong
University of Science and Technology (Hong Kong, 2002)
Invited Keynote Speaker: International Congress of Invertebrate
Reproduction and Development (South Africa, July 2001) (declined).
Invited Keynote Speaker: North American Echinoderm Symposium (Maine, August 2001).
Invited Speaker: Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology (Chicago, Illinois, January 2001); symposium on ontogenetic strategies in aquatic organisms.
Invited Speaker: International Congress of Zoology (Athens, Greece, September 2000); symposium on Zoology at Geothermally driven communities.
Plenary Speaker: International Echinoderm Conference (Dunedin, New Zealand, January 2000); plenary speaker for symposium on reproduction and ecology.
Keynote Speaker: The Cooper Memorial Lecture, Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom (Plymouth, U.K., April 1997); plenary speaker for symposium on reproductive responses to variable environments.
Invited plenary speaker: International Conference “Simposio Sobre Oceanographia, Instituto Oceanographico” (Sao Paulo, Brazil, 1996). (invitation declined).
Invited speaker: Symposium on “Reproduction in the Deep Sea” 7th International Congress on Invertebrate Reproduction (Santa Cruz, California, 1995).
Plenary speaker: “Echinoderm Reproduction” session, Fourth European Echinoderms Colloquium (London, England, 1995).
Invited speaker: Symposium on “Life processes in the deep sea” Western Society of Naturalists (Monterey, California, 1994).
Invited speaker: International Symposium on “Ecology and pollution of the Mediterranean Sea” (Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy, 1994).
Invited speaker: Symposium on “Dispersal of Marine Invertebrates.” Fourth International Symposium on Marine Biogeography and Evolution in the Indo-Pacific (Perth, Australia, 1992) (invitation accepted; meeting cancelled).
Invited speaker: Symposium “From Loch to Abyss.” HMS Porcupine Society Meeting (Oban, Scotland, 1992).
Plenary speaker: First international symposium on “Ecology of Temperate Reefs” (Melbourne, Australia, 1989).
Invited speaker: Symposium on “Invertebrate Reproduction,” 23rd European Marine Biology Symposium (Swansea, Wales, 1988).
Invited speaker: Donald P. Abbott Memorial Symposium (Pacific Grove, California, 1987).

INVITED WORKSHOP PARTICIPANT
Invited participant: NSF LARVE/RIDGE Program results workshop. (Ogden, Utah, May 2001).
Invited participant and working group chairman: U.S. Department of Energy workshop on CO2 disposal in the deep sea. (Moss Landing, California, February 2001).
Invited Participant: Sloan Foundation Census of Marine Life workshop on biodiversity of deep-sea chemosynthetic communities. Woods Hole, Massachusetts, March 2001.
Invited Participant: N.S.F./UNOLS DESCEND (Developing Submergence Science For the Next Decade) workshop. (Arlington, Virginia, October 1999).
Invited participant: NOAA/NURP workshop on “Undersea Research Priorities in the Hawaiian Islands” (San Francisco, California, 1996) (invitation declined).
Invited workshop instructor: Workshop on taxonomy of coral reef invertebrates in the Indian Ocean (Univ. of Columbo, Sri Lanka, 1996).
Invited participant: NSF-Ridge Workshop for “Larvae at Hydrothermal Vents” initiative (Woods Hole, Massachusetts, 1995).
Invited participant: Workshop on “Global Ocean Ecosystems Dynamics” sponsored by N.S.F. and Joint Oceanographic Institutions (Wintergreen, Virginia, 1988).
Invited speaker: Workshop on “The interactions of biotic and abiotic factors on larval and adult marine invertebrates” (Nice, France and Villefranche-sur-mer, France, 1994).
Invited speaker and working group spokesman: NSF-Ridge Workshop on “Reproduction, larval biology and dispersal at hydrothermal vents” (Lake Tahoe, California, 1994).
Invited participant and speaker: Workshop on Larval Biology (Friday Harbor, Washington, 1985).

PROFESSIONAL SERVICE ACTIVITIES AND ADMINISTRATION:
Conferences and Symposia organized:
Scientific Committee Chair: 3rd International Vent and Seep Symposium (La Jolla, California, 2005)
Organizer: 7th International Larval Biology Meetings (Coos Bay, Oregon, 2006)
Organizer: 10th International Deep-Sea Biology Symposium (Coos Bay, Oregon, 2003).
Scientific Committee Member: International Symposium on Benthic Processes in the Deep Arabian Sea: Edinburgh, Scotland, July 1998.
Scientific Committee Member: Workshop on “Biotic and abiotic interactions regulating life cycles of marine invertebrates (Villefranche-sur-Mer, France, 1994)
Organizing Committee Chairman: Retirement Festschrift for Professor Fu-Shiang Chia (Friday Harbor, Washington, November 1997).
Organizing Committee Chairman: 2nd International Larval Biology Meetings (Ft. Pierce, Florida, 1995).
Co-Organizer: Symposium on “Deep-sea Reproduction.” International Society of Invertebrate Reproduction (Santa Cruz, California, 1995).
Co-Organizer: Symposium on “Reproduction, Larval Biology and Recruitment of the Deep-Sea Benthos.” American Society of Zoologists (Atlanta, Georgia, 1991).
Organizer: Symposium on “Cracking a black box: field inferences in the ecology of marine invertebrate larvae.” American Society of Zoologists and Western Society of Naturalists (San Francisco, California, 1988).
Organizer: 2nd North American Echinoderm Symposium (Florida, 1992).
Editor and Editorial Boards:
Editor: Advances in Marine Biology (1997-present).
Editorial Board: Marine Ecology, An Evolutionary Perspective (formerly Marine Ecology, PSZN I) (2005-present)
Editorial Board: Invertebrate Biology (1994-present).
Guest Editorial Board: Oceanologica Acta (1994-1996): special volume on Invertebrate Life Histories.
Reviewer of Grant Proposals:
N.S.F. (Ocean Sciences, Polar Programs, Facilities Support, Systematics, International Programs)
N.O.A.A. (National Undersea Research Program: Hawaii, Alaska, Wilmington, Caribbean Marine Research Center)
American Chemical Society
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Small Business Innovation Research Program Seagrant (Maryland, Connecticut, Florida).
Australian Research Council
National Institutes of Health (National Cancer Institute)
National Environmental Research Council (U.K.)
Marsden Fund (New Zealand)
Reviewer of Journal Manuscripts:
American Naturalist Ecological Monographs
Ecology Marine Biology
Biological Bulletin Bulletin of Marine Science
Ophelia Marine Ecology Progress Series
Australian Journal of Ecology Limnology and Oceanography
Journal of Experimental Zoology American Zoologist
Living Marine Resources Oceanologica Acta
Coral Reefs Acta Zoologica
Bioscience Invertebrate Biology
Evolution Marine Ecology
Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
Reviewer of Book Proposals and manuscripts:
Academic Press Oxford University Press
Chapman and Hall University of Hawaii Press
Alaska Northwest Publishing Co. University of South Carolina Press
External dissertation examiner:
University of Adelaide (Australia), 1987.
University of Sydney (Australia), 1989.
University of California, Santa Cruz, 1992.
Virginia Institute of Marine Science, 1996.
Session Chairman at Scientific Meetings:
American Geophysical Union (San Francisco) 2005
3rd International vent and seep symposium (La Jolla, California) 2005
6th Larval Biology Meetings (Hong Kong) 2004
2nd International vent and seep symposium (Brest, France) 2002
International symposium on AReproductive responses in variable environments@ (Plymouth, U.K.), 1997.
International workshop on ABiotic and abiotic Interactions during larval and adult stages of benthic marine invertebrates@ (Nice, France), 1994.
Larval Ecology Meetings (Stony Brook), 1994.
American Society of Zoologists (SICB), 1984, 1988, 1991, 1999
23rd European Marine Biology Symposium (Swansea, Wales), 1988.
Sixth International Echinoderm Symposium (Victoria, B.C., Canada), 1987.
Western Society of Naturalists, 1982, 1985.
Miscellaneous Community Service:
Board Member, National Association of Marine Laboratories, 2004-2005.
Member at Large, Western Association of Marine Laboratories, 2004-2005.
Member, UNOLS Deep Submergence (DESSC) Committee, 2004-2007.
Member, NSF RIDGE 2000 Steering Committee, 2001-2004.
Board of Directors, Pacific Institutes of Marine Science (2002-present)
Member, South Slough National Marine Estuary Management Commission (Governor appointed): 2002- present)
Member, Chemosynthetic Ecosystems Steering Committee (CHESS), Census of Marine Life . 2001-present.
Member, Shallow submergence subcommittee of the UNOLS National Deep Submergence Committee (1999-2004)
National Membership Committee Chair, Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, 1998-2000.
Nominee for chair, Division of Invertebrate Zoology, SICB, 1999.
Technical Consultant: National Geographic Film, “The Shape of Life,” 1999
Technical Consultant: BBC television and Oxford Scientific Films, 1997-2000.
Confidential promotion and tenure reviews: 12 different universities in U.S.
Tenure Review Committee: Woods Hole Oceanographic Inst. 1996, 2003
Steering Committee Member: NSF-Ridge LARVE initiative, 1995-present.
Deep-sea Newsletter: Eastern North America Representative, 1995-present.
Technical Consultant: “Ocean Planet” exhibit, Smithsonian Institution, 1994.
Technical Consultant: National Geographic Film, “Ocean Drifters,” 1993.
N.S.F. Panelist (Biological Oceanography): 1989,1989, 1991,1997.
N.S.F. Panelist (Biological Infrastructure): 2003, 2005.
Judging committee Chair, Zoology, Florida State Science Fair, 1991.
Presidential nominating committee, American Soc. of Zoologists (Division of Invertebrate Zoology), 1990.
Best Student Paper Committee, American Society of Zoologists (Division of Invertebrate Zoology), 1989, 1999, 2001.
Judge for best student paper awards, American Society of Zoologists, 1988, 1989, 1999.
Taxonomic Consultant: Continental Shelf Associates Inc., 1984-1992.
Technical Consultant: General Offshore Inc., 1993.
Florida State University Diving Control Board, 1983-1985.
Administrative Assignments & Service, Harbor Branch Oceanographic Inst.
Department Head, Department of Larval Ecology (1985-2002)
Chairperson, Institutional Research Council (1994-2002)
Acting Director, Marine Science Division (1993, 1994, 1995, 1997)
Electron Microscope Lab supervisor (2000-present)
Diving Control Board (1990-1991)
Board of Education Management (1990-1992)
Supervisor of Marine Science shop (1986-present)
Education Director Search committee chairman (1992)
Division Director search committee (1987)
New faculty search committees (1988, 1990, 1994)
Promotion committee (1989)
Supervisor: oceanic and deep-sea culture laboratory (1990-present)
Research Council Representative (1991)
Histology Laboratory manager (1991-present)
Public Lectures for HBOI Associates Program (yearly, 1991-2001)
Teacher Curriculum Training for JASON project (1992)

COURSES TAUGHT:
University of Oregon
Marine Biology: Biology of the Deep-Sea Benthos (2002)
Marine Biology: Comparative Embryology and Larval Biology (2004, 2005)
Graduate Seminar in microscopy (2003)
Graduate Seminar in scientific communication (2004)
Independent Research (2002, 2003, 2004, 2005)
Marine Biology Seminar (2003, 2005)
Seminar in Marine Biology (2003, 2005)
University of Alberta:
Honors Invertebrate Zoology (1981-82)
Marine Biology (1982)
Florida State University:
Experimental Marine Biology (1983)
Field Methods in Marine Ecology (1983)
Advanced Biological Oceanography (1984)
Summer Science Institute for Teachers (1983, 1984)
Bamfield Marine Station, Vancouver Island, Canada:
Marine Invertebrate Zoology (1984)
Biology of the Ascidiacea (1985)
Marine Biological Laboratories, Woods Hole, Mass.:
Marine Ecology (1988)
H.B.O.I. (accreditation: Florida Institute of Technology):
Reproductive and Larval Ecology of Marine Invertebrates (1990, 1991, 1992,
1994, 1996, 1998, 2001)
Biology of the Deep-sea Benthos (1993, 1995, 1997, 1999)
Marine Invertebrate Zoology (1995, 1996, 2002)
Functional Biology of Invertebrates (2000)
H.B.O.I. Semester-by-the-sea (accreditation: Florida Atlantic University):
Marine Ecology (2001, 2002)
Marine Biodiversity (2001, 2002)
Functional Biology (2001)
Nordic Council for Marine Biology Courses:
Biology of Ascidians (Kristineberg Marine Biological Station, Sweden, 1993)
Deep-Sea Biology (University of Reikjavik, Iceland, 2001)
University of Colombo, Sri Lanka
Taxonomy of Coral Reef Invertebrates (Biodiversity Skills Enhancement
Project, 1996)
University of Alberta (as teaching assistant):
Evolutionary Biology (1978)
Invertebrate Zoology (1979)
Honors Marine Biology (1979)
Brigham Young University (as teaching assistant):
Natural History for Elementary School Teachers (1978)
Environmental Biology (1976)
Invertebrate Zoology (1976, 1977, 1978)
Marine Biology (1976, 1977, 1978)
Directed Research in Zoology (1976, 1977, 1978)

SUPERVISION OF STUDENTS AND POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWS:
Graduate Students (as major professor):
Brian L. Bingham (Ph.D, 1990, F.S.U.: “The ecology of epifaunal communities on
prop roots of the red mangrove, Rhizophora mangle”) current position: assistant professor, Western Washington University.
Nicholas J., Gotelli (co-supervised Ph.D., 1985, F.S.U.: “Factors influencing the recruitment of two subtidal invertebrates”). Current position: associate professor, University of Vermont).
James Dalby (M.S., 1988, F.S.U.: “Distribution and abundance patterns of oysters and ascidians in Florida fouling communities: variable outcomes of competition and role of early post-settlement mortality”) Current position: postdoctoral fellow, Bates College, Maine.
Patricia L. Richards (M.S., 1993, F.I.T.: “Feeding behavior and morphology of the deep-sea terebellid polychate Biremis blandi”). Current position: research biologist, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.
Daniel A. McCarthy (M.S., 1995, F.S.U.: “Gametogenesis and reproductive behavior in the sea urchin Lytechinus variegatus (Lamark)”). Current position: Ph.D. student, Kings College London.
Peter J. Barile (M.S., 1993, F.I.T.: “Ontogeny of phototaxis and vertical migration behavior of the queen conch Strombus gigas L. veliger larvae.”) Current position: Ph.D. student, F.I.T.
Daniel A. McCarthy (Ph.D, 2001, Kings College London: “Life-history patterns and the role of disturbance in intertidal and subtidal populations of the polychaete Phragmatopoma lapidosa. (Kinberg 1867) in the tropical Western Atlantic). Current position: postdoctoral fellow, Smithsonian Marine Station at Ft. Pierce.
Michael Devin (M.S., 1998, F.I.T.: “A laser-based method for quantifying patterns of megafaunal species diversity on the Bahamian slope”). Current position: owner of an aquaculture company, Damariscotta Maine.
Tracy Griffin (M.S., 2000, F.I.T.: “The influence of temperature, salinity and food abundance on the growth rate and timing of sex change in Crepidula cf. plana (Hoagland 1984) of the Indian River Lagoon. Current position: fulltime employee of HBOI Education Center.
John C. Bauer (deceased as Ph.D. student, Kings College, University of London: “Internal bacterial floras of bathyal echinoids”). Mohammed Qurban (M.S. 2000, F.I.T.: “The population dynamics and life history of Bittiolum varium (Gastropoda: Cerithiidae). Current position: faculty position in Saudi Arabia.
Teresa Nelson (M.S. 1998, F.I.T.: “Recruitment and survival of epifaunal organisms in impounded and unimpounded mangrove forests”).
Sandra Brooke (Ph.D., 2002, Univ. of Southampton, U.K. AReproduction and recruitment of deep and shallow-water populations of Oculina.
Eva Ramiriz (Ph.D., 2000, Univ. of Southampton, U.K. “Reproductive patterns of deep-sea invertebrates related to energy availability”).
Jeff Watanabe (Ph.D., 2002, F.I.T.: “Energetics and ecology of feeding and reproduction in gastropods of intertidal sabellariid reefs”).
Shawn Arellano (Ph.D. student, Univ. of Oregon: Recruitment ecology of coldseep mussels)
Ahna Van Gaest (M.S. student, Univ. of Oregon: “Developmental mode of Bathynerita naticoidea, a deep-sea cold-seep gastropod.”)
Tracey Smart (Ph.D. student, Univ. of Oregon: ” Embryology of Owenia fusiformis and the biology of mitraria larvae.”
Maya Wolff (Ph.D. student, Univ. of Oregon. “The reproductive ecology of a NE Pacific nudibranch”)
Michael Holmes (M.S. student, Univ. of Oregon. Ecology of a deep-sea coral, Lophelia pertussa.
Postdoctoral and other visiting Fellows:
F. Scott McEuen (Ph.D., University of Alberta, Canada). HBI postdoc: Holothurian reproduction. Current position: Independent Environmental Consultant, Seattle, WA.
R. Randy Olson (Ph.D., Harvard University) HBI postdoc: Feeding biology of asteroid larvae from the great barrier reef. Current position: Biological Sciences lecturer, University of Southern California (left tenured faculty position at University of New Hampshire for new career as a hollywood filmmaker).
Andrew R. Davis (Ph.D., University of Adelaide, Australia). HBI postdoc: Chemical mechanisms inhibiting overgrowth and settlement of bryozoans. Current position: Senior Lecturer, University of Wollongong, Australia.
J. Lane Cameron (Ph.D., Simon Fraser University, Canada). HBOI research associate: Reproduction of deep-sea echinoderms; recruitment of seagrass epifauna. Current position: Biologist, Yellowstone National Park.
Isidro Bosch (Ph.D., University of California, Santa Cruz). HBI postdoc: Asexual reproduction in starfish larvae; feeding biology of Antarctic and deep-sea larvae. Current position: Assistant Professor, SUNY, Geneseo.
Catherine Hurlbut (Ph.D., University of Hawaii). HBI postdoc: Role of light in settlement and survival of epifaunal sponges and ascidians. Current position: biology teacher in private secondary school, Jacksonville, FL.
Sophie George (Ph.D., University of Paris, France). HBI postdoc: Egg quality and larval nutrition in deep-sea and shallow-water echinoderms. Current position: Assistant Professor, Georgia Southern University.
Elsa Vazquez Otero (Ph.D., University of Santiago, Spain). Spanish government postdoc: Responses of compound ascidian larvae to haloclines. Current position: Associate Professor, University of Vigo, Spain.
Manuel Maldonado (Ph.D., University of Blanes, Spain). Fulbright postdoc: Larval and juvenile ecology of shallow-water sponges; vertical distribution of bathyal sponges. Current position: Research Scientist, Institute of Advanced Studies, Blanes, Spain.
Anna Metaxas (Ph.D., Dalhousie University, Canada). HBI postdoc: Effects of dietary conditioning and food patchiness on responses of echinoderm larvae to discontinuity layers. Current position: Assistant professor of Oceanography, Dalhousie University.
Mary Sewell (Ph.D., Univ. of Alberta, Canada). HBI postdoc: Energetics of brooding in synaptid holothurians. Current position: Assistant professor of Zoology, University of Auckland, New Zealand.
Suki Ekaratne (Ph.D., University of Wales, Bangor, U.K.). Fulbright sabattical exchange: Salinity and temperature tolerances of deep-sea and shallowwater echinoid larvae. Current position: Professor, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Adele Pile (Ph.D., Virginia Institute of Marine Science, College of William and Mary). HBI postdoc: Role of the microbial loop in deep-sea benthic-pelagic coupling. Current position: Assistant Professor of Marine Biology, Flinders University, Australia.
James Welch (Ph.D., Duke University). HBI postdoc: Effects of turbulence and water flow on larval release in bryozoans and ascidians. Current position: Assistant Professor of Biology, Wittenburg College, Ohio.
Cathy Allen (Ph.D., Univ. of Southampton, U.K.). Lipid biomarkers of energy sources at hydrothermal vents. Current position: postdoctoral fellow, Institute of Marine Science, Rutgers University, New Jersey.
Sandra Brooke (Ph.D., Univ. of Southampton, U.K.). Deep-water coral ecology and genetics. (current postdoc with NSF, NOAA and MMS funding)
Isabel Tarjuello (Ph.D., Univ. of Barcelona, Spain). Ascidian population genetics and development. (2002-2003, with Fulbright funding)
Undergraduate Interns and Research Assistants:
Pamela Pape (Univ. of Miami; Ph.D., Univ. South Carolina)
Lisa Dilling (Harvard Univ.; Ph.D., U.C. Santa Barbara)
Todd Graham (College of the Atlantic)
Julie Lambert (Old Dominion University)
Tanya Michaud (College of the Atlantic)
Nathan Allen (Gordon College)
Katie Koval (U. of Oregon)

FELLOWSHIPS AND AWARDS:
Smithsonian Postdoctoral Fellowship, 1982 (declined for faculty position).
University Dissertation Fellowship Award, University of Alberta, 1981-1982.
Best Paper Award, Honorable Mention: Western Society of Naturalists, 1982.
Best Paper Award, Honorable Mention: American Society of Zoologists, 1980.
Best Paper Award, Honorable Mention: Western Society of Naturalists, 1978.
Best Paper Award, A.A.A.S. Pacific Division, 1978.
Zoology Department Scholarships, Brigham Young University, 1977-1978.

MEMBERSHIP IN PROFESSIONAL SOCIETIES:
Society for Comparative and Integrative Biology (formerly A.S.Z.)
Western Society of Naturalists
American Society of Limnology and Oceanography
Ecological Society of America
Scottish Association for Marine Science
American Microscopical Society
Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
International Society for Invertebrate Reproduction and Development

FIELD RESEARCH EXPERIENCE:
Chief scientist on oceanographic vessels:
R/V Atlantis w/ Alvin submersible (1 cruise: East Pacific Rise, Central America)
R/V Seward Johnson w/JSL submersibles (13 cruises: Bahamas, Caribbean).
R/V Edwin Link w/JSL submersibles (16 cruises: Bahamas, Gulf of Mexico).
R/V Sea Diver w/JSL submersible, Hi-Sub R.O.V. (2 cruises: Bahamas).
R/V Kila w/Pisces V submersible (2 cruises: Hawaii).
DSVSS Laney Chouest w/U.S. Navy Sea-Cliff submersible (1 cruise: Hawaii).
R/V Kaimikai O’ Kanaloa w/Pisces V submersible (4 cruises: Hawaii, Samoa).
R/V Sea Diver w/ Clelia submersible (1 cruise: Bahamas)
R/V Exuma Hunter w/ Nekton Gamma submersible (3 cruises: Bahamas)

Additional cruises and submersible work (not as chief scientist):
R/V Atlantis w/Alvin submersible (1 cruise: East Pacific Rise, Central America)
R/V Atlantis II w/Alvin submersible (2 cruises: East Pacific Rise)
R/V Seward Johnson II with JSL submersible (3 cruises: Gulf of Mexico)
R/V Pender w/Pisces IV submersible (1 cruise: Western Canadian Fjords).
R/V Pandora w/Pisces IV submersible (1 cruise: Vancouver Island).
RRS Challenger (3 cruises: Rockall Trough, North Atlantic).
R/V Point Lobos w/ Ventana ROV (1 cruise: Monterey Bay, California).
R/V Hydah (8 day cruises: San Juan Islands, Washington).
R/V Nectes (5 day cruises: Gulf of Mexico).
R/V Strickland (6 day cruises: Barkley Sound, British Columbia).
RRS Discovery (1 cruise: Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean, 1994).
Intertidal and subtidal field work:
California, Washington, Oregon, Alaska, British Columbia, Massachusetts, Maine,
Ireland, Sweden, Florida, Bahamas, Barbados, Mexico, Australia, Japan, Hawaii,
Scotland, Wales, France, Norway, Sri Lanka, Iceland, Samoa.
Visiting Investigator at Marine Laboratories and Universities:
Coastal Marine Laboratory, Hong Kong (2003,2004)
Sandgerdi Marine Laboratory, University of Reykavik, Iceland (2002)
Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, Plymouth, U.K. (1997, 1998,
1999, 2000, 2002)
Department of Zoology, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka (1996, 1997)
Institute for Marine Biology, University of Bergen, Norway (1996)
British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, U.K. (1995)
Southampton Oceanography Center, U.K. (1995, 1997, 1999, 2000)
Station Zoologique, Villefranche sur Mer, France (1994)
Dunstaffnage Marine Laboratory, Scotland (1991, 1992, 1993)
Kings College, London (1991, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1997, 1999, 2000)
Oceanography Dept., University of Southampton, England (1991, 1992, 1994)
University of Melbourne, Australia (1989, 1998)
Darling Marine Center, University of Maine (1993, 2003)
Kristineberg Marine Biol. Station, Sweden (1986, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1993)
Friday Harbor Laboratories, Washington (1975-1983, 1990)
Hopkins Marine Station, California (1975, 1978)
Oyster Research Institute, Japan (1976)
Bamfield Marine Station, Canada (1979, 1983, 1985)
Marine Biological Laboratories, Woods Hole, Mass. (1988, 1989, 1991).
Pigeon Key Marine Laboratory, Florida (1985, 1995).

PUBLICATIONS (168 total)
Edited Books and Volumes (19)
Young, C.M. (ed.), M.E. Rice and M. Sewell (assoc. eds.) (2001). Atlas of Marine
Invertebrate Larvae. Academic Press, London. 646pp.
Young, C.M. and K.J. Eckelbarger (eds.) (1994). Reproduction, larval biology and recruitment of the deep-sea benthos. Columbia University Press, N.Y. 336 pp.
Young, C.M. (guest ed.) (1990). Field inferences in the ecology of marine invertebrate larvae. Ophelia 32 (1-2): 198 pp.
Ekaratne, S.U.K. and C.M. Young (in preparation). Field guide to the coral reef invertebrates of Sri Lanka. March for Conservation and the World Bank.
Southward, A.J., P.A. Tyler and C.M. Young (eds.) (1999). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 35. Academic Press. 243 pp.
Southward, A.J., P.A. Tyler and C.M. Young (eds.) (1999). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 36. The Biochemical Ecology of Marine Fishes. Academic Press. 351 pp.
Southward, A.J., P.A. Tyler and C.M. Young (eds.) (1999). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 37. 277pp.
Southward, A.J., P.A. Tyler, C.M. Young and L. Fuiman (eds.) (2000). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 38. Academic Press. 256 pp.
Southward, A.J., P.A. Tyler, C.M. Young and L. Fuiman (eds.) (2001). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 39. Academic Press. 319 pp.
Southward, A.J., P.A. Tyler, C.M. Young and L. Fuiman (eds.) (2001). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 40. Academic Press. (361pp)
Southward, A.J., P.A. Tyler, C.M. Young and L. Fuiman (eds.) (2001). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 41. Academic Press. (232pp)
Southward, A.J., P.A. Tyler, C.M. Young and L. Fuiman (eds.) (2002). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 42. Molluscan radiation: lesser known branches. The wayward molluscs. Academic Press (308 pp).
Southward, A.J., P.A. Tyler, C.M. Young and L. Fuiman (eds.) (2002). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 43. Elsevier
Southward, A.J., P.A. Tyler, C.M. Young and L. Fuiman (eds.) (2003). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 44. Elsevier
Southward, A.J., P.A. Tyler, C.M. Young and L. Fuiman (eds.) (2003). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 45 Elsevier
Southward, A.J., P.A. Tyler, C.M. Young and L. Fuiman (eds.) (2003). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 46. Elsevier
Southward, A.J., P.A. Tyler, C.M. Young and L. Fuiman (eds.) (2004). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 47. Elsevier
Southward, A.J., C.M. Young and L. Fuiman (eds.) (2005). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 48. Elsevier
Southward, A.J., C.M. Young and L. Fuiman (eds.) (2006). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 49. Elsevier

Popular Articles, Encyclopedia chapters, and miscellaneous works (9):
Maldonado, M. and C.M. Young (2002). Induction of settlement in merozooplankton. In, Encylopedia of Life-Support Systems. EOLSS Publishers, Spain (unrefereed: invited encyclopedia chapter)
Young, C.M. (2001). Out of the frying pan and into the freezer: larvae at deep-sea vents. Natural History 110:61 (unrefereed: popular magazine article)
Goldfarb, M. and Young, C.M. (2000). Hydrothermal vent. In, McGraw Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology (unrefereed: invited encyclopedia article)
Young, C.M. (1996). Review of: Reproduction and Development of Marine Invertebrates (ed. by W.H. Wilson, S.A. Stricker and G.L. Shinn). Bioscience 46:460-461. (unrefereed: invited review)
Young, C.M. (1996). The origin of echinoderms, revisited. p. xv In, R.H. Emson, A.B. Smith and A.C. Campbell, eds., Echinoderm Research 1995. Balkema, Rotterdam. (unrefereed: poem)
Young, C.M. (1996). Crinoidea. pp. 128-131 In, McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology (unrefereed: invited encyclopedia article)
Young, C.M. (1994). Marine larval ecology gets a meeting of its own. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 9:84-85. (unrefereed: invited review)
Young, C.M. (1991). Challenging the Challenger: recent surprises in deep-sea reproduction. Oceanus 34:54-63. (unrefereed: invited popular article).
Young, C.M. (1987). Novelty of supply-side ecology. Science 235:415-416. (refereed: letter to the editor).

Papers in refereed journals and books (140)
2005:
Staudigel, H., S. Hart, A. Pile, B. Bailey, E. Baker, S. Brooke, L. Haucke, I. Hudson, D. Jones, A. Koppers, J. Konter, R. Lee, T. Pietsch, B. Tebo, A. Templeton, R. Zierenberg,
C.M. Young. Vailulu’u Seamount, Samoa: life and death on an active submarine volcano. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science (submitted, in review)

Pile, A.J. and C.M. Young. Consumption of bacteria by larvae of a deep-sea
polychaete. Marine Ecology, an Evolutionary Perspective (in press).

Watanabe, J. and C.M. Young (2005). Feeding habits of southern oyster drill,
Stramonita haemastoma on Florida sabellariid worm reefs: Changes in
foraging & phenotype. Marine Biology (in press).

Maldonado, M., C. Carmona, Z. Velásquez, A. Puig, Antonio Cruzado, A. López and
C.M. Young. Siliceous sponges as a silicon sink: An overlooked aspect of the
benthopelagic coupling in the marine Silicon cycle. Limnology and
Oceanography 50:799-809.

Pradillon, F., N. Le Bris, B. Shillito, C.M. Young, and F. Gaill (2005). Influence of
environmental conditions on early development of the hydrothermal vent
polychaete Alvinella pompeijana. Journal of Experimental Biology 208: 1551-
1561.

Hilario, A., C.M. Young and P.A. Tyler (2005). Sperm Storage, Internal Fertilization
and embryonic dispersal in vent and Seep Tubeworms (Polychaeta:
Siboglinidae: Vestimentifera). Biological Bulletin 208:20-28.

Jarnegren, J., C.M. Young, C. Tobias and S. Macko (2005). Egg predation fuels
uniqe species association at deep-sea hydrocarbon seeps. Biological Bulletin
(in press).

Villalobos, F.B., P.A. Tyler and C.M. Young. Temperature and pressure tolerances of
embryos and larvae of the Atlantic seastars Asterias rubens and Marthasterias
glacialis (Echinodermata: Asteroidea): Potential for deep-sea invasion from
North Atlantic. Marine Ecology Progress Series (submitted, in review).

Copley, J.T.P. and C.M. Young. Seasonality and zonation in the reproductive
biology and population structure of the shrimp Alvinocaris stactophila (Caridea:
Alvinocarididae) at a Louisiana Slope cold seep. Marine Ecology Progress
Serieis (in press).

Pile, A.J., and C.M. Young. Benthic-pelagic coupling by hexactinellid sponges of the
microbial food web in the deep sea. Deep-Sea Research (in press).

2004:
McCarthy, D.A. and C.M. Young (2004). Effects of water-borne gametes on the
aggregation behavior of Lytechinus variegatus. Marine Ecology Progress
Series 283:191-198.

Brooke, S. and C.M. Young (2004). Embryogenesis and larval biology of the
ahermatypic scleractinian Oculina varicosa. Marine Biology 146: 665-675.

2003:
Brooke, S. and C.M. Young (2003). Reproductive ecology of a deep-water
scleractinian coral, Oculina varicosa, from the southeast Florida shelf.
Continental Shelf Research 23: 847-858.

McCarthy, D.A., C.M. Young and R.H. Emson (2003). Influence of wave-induced
disturbance on seasonal spawning patterns in the sabellariid polychaete
Phragmatopoma lapidosa. Marine Ecology Progress Series 256:123-133.

Maldonado, M., M. Durfort, D.A. McCarthy and C.M. Young. (2003). The cellular
basis of photobehavior in the tufted parencymella larva of demosponges.
Marine Biology 143:427-441.

Young, C.M. (2003). Reproduction, development and life history traits. Pp. 381-
426 in, P.A. Tyler, ed., Ecosystems of the World, Volume 28: Ecosystems
of the Deep Oceans.

Tyler, P.A. and C.M. Young (2003). Dispersal at hydrothermal vents: a summary
of recent progress. Hydrobiologia 503:9-19.

2002:
McCarthy, D.A., R.B. Forward and C.M. Young (2002). Ontogeny of phototaxis
and geotaxis during larval development of the sabellariid polychaete
Phragmatopoma lapidosa lapidosa. Marine Ecology Progress Series.
241:215-220

Emson, R.H., D. Morritt, E.B. Andrews and C.M. Young (2002). Life on a hot dry
beach: Behavioural , physiological and ultrastructural adaptations of the
littorinid Gastropod Cenchritis (Tectarius) muricatus. Marine Biology
140:723-732..

McCarthy, D. and C.M. Young (2002). Gametogenesis and reproductive behavior
in the echinoid Lytechinus variegatus. Marine Ecology Progress Series
233:157-168.

Eckelbarger, K.J. and C.M. Young (2002). Spermiogenesis and modified sperm
morphology in the seepworm Methanoaricia dendrobranchiata (Polychaeta:
Orbinidae) from a methane seep in the Gulf of Mexico: implications for
fertilization biology. Biological Bulletin 203:134-143.

Metaxas, A., R.E. Scheibling and C.M. Young (2002). Estimating fertilization
success in marine benthic invertebrates: a case study with the tropical sea
star Oreaster reticulatus. Marine Ecology Progress Series 226:87-101.

McCarthy, D.A., C.M. Young and R.H. Emson (2002). Spatial and temporal
variation in the fedundity patterns of the sabellariid polychaete
Phragmatopoma lapidosa lapidosa (Kinberg, 1877): the influence of
distrurbance on seasonal spawning patterns. Marine Ecology Progress
Series .

2001:
Pradillon, F., B. Shillito, C.M. Young and F. Gaill (2001). Temperature sensitive
embryos in the thermophilic vent worm Alvinella pompejana. Nature
413:698-699.

Marsh, A., L. Mullineaux, C.M. Young and D.L. Manahan (2001). Larval dispersal
potential of the tubeworm Riftia pachyptila along a deep-ocean ridge axis.
Nature 411:77-80.

Tyler, P.A., A.L. Rice and C.M. Young (2000). Deep-sea biology in the 1990’s: a
legacy of the Challenger expedition. In, M. Deacon, T. Rice and C.
Summerhayes, eds., Understanding the Oceans. Pp. 261-271. University
College London Press, London.

Eckelbarger, K.J., C.M. Young, S. Brooke, E. Ramirez Llodra and P.A. Tyler
(2001). Reproduction,gametogenesis and early development in the
methane “ice worm” Hesoicoeca methanicola from the Louisiana Slope.
Marine Biology .

Cloney, R.L., C.M. Young and I. Svane (2001). Chordata: Urochordata in, Atlas of
Marine Invertebrate Larvae, C.M. Young et al., eds. Academic Press.

Pernet, B., P.Y. Qian, C.M. Young, G. Rouse and K.J. Eckelbarger (2001).
Annelida in, Atlas of Marine Invertebrate Larvae, C.M. Young et al., eds.
Academic Press.

N. Smith, K. Johnson and C.M. Young (2001). Platyhelminthes. in, Atlas of
Marine Invertebrate Larvae, C.M. Young et al., eds. Academic Press.

Emlet, R.L., C.M. Young and S.B. George (2001). Echinodermata: Echinoidea.
in, Atlas of Marine Invertebrate Larvae, C.M. Young et al., eds. Academic
Press.

McCarthy, D.L. and C.M. Young (2001). Chordata: Cephalochordata. in, Atlas of
Marine Invertebrate Larvae, C.M. Young et al., eds. Academic Press.

2000:
Vazquez, E. and C.M. Young (2000). Effects of low salinity on metamorphosis in
estuarine colonial ascidians. Invertebrate Biology 119:433-444.

Fisher, C.R., I.R. MacDonald, R. Sassen, C.M. Young, S.A. Macko, S. Hourdez,
R.S. Carney, S. Joye and E. McMullin (2000). Methane ice worms:
Hesiocaeca methanicola colonizing fossil fuel reserves.
Naturwissenschaften 87:184-187.

Forward, R.B. Jr., J.M. Welch and C.M. Young (2000). Light induced larval
release of a colonial ascidian. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 248:225-238.

Bauer, J.A. and C.M. Young (2000). Lesions and mortality caused by vibriosis in a
deep-sea echinoid. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 39:193-199.

Tyler, P.A., C.M. Young and A. Clarke (2000). Embryonic pressure and temperature
tolerances in an antarctic echinoid: potential for deep-sea invasion. Marine
Ecology Progress Series .

Young, C.M. and S. George (2000). Larval development of the tropical deep-sea
echinoid Aspidodiadema jacobyi: phylogenetic implications. Biol. Bull.
198:387-395.

1999:
Young, C.M. (1999). Synchrony and sociality: breeding strategies in constant and
variable environments. Pp. 1-14 In, M. Whitfield, J. Matthews & C.
Reynolds, eds., Aquatic life cycle strategies: survival in a variable
environment. Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom,
Plymouth.

Sewell, M.A. and C.M. Young (1999). Temperature limits to fertilization and early
development in the tropical sea urchin Echinometra lucunter. J. Exp. Mar.
Biol. Ecol. 236:291-305.

Young, C.M. (1999). Marine invertebrate larvae. Pp. 89-97 in, E. Knobil & J.D.
Neill, eds., Encyclopedia of Reproduction. Academic Press, London and
San Diego.

Pile, A.J. and C.M. Young (1999). Plankton availability and retention efficiencies
by cold-seep symbiotic mussels. Limnology and Oceanography. 44:1833-
1839.

Eckelbarger, K.J. and C.M. Young (1999). Ultrastructure of gametogenesis in a
chemosynthetic mytilid bivalve (Bathymodiolus childressi) from bathyal,
methane seep environment (northern Gulf of Mexico). Marine Biology
135:635-646.

Maldonado, M. and C.M. Young (1999). Effects of the duration of larval life on
postlarval stages of the demosponge Sigmadocia caerulea. J. Exp. Mar. Biol.
Ecol. 232:9-21.

Tyler, P.A. and C.M. Young (1999). Reproduction and dispersal at vents and cold
seeps. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 79:193-208.

1998:
Young, C.M., S.U.K. Ekaratne and J.L. Cameron (1998). Thermal tolerances of
embryos and planktotrophic larvae of Archaeopneustes hystrix
(Spatangoidea) and Stylocidaris lineata (Cidaroidea), bathyal echinoids
from the Bahamian Slope. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and
Ecology 223:65-76.

Maldonado, M. and C.M. Young (1998). Reevaluation of stalked aplysinid
ascidians with description of a new species from the Bahamian Slope. Bull.
Mar. Sci. 63:417-426.

Vazquez, E. and C.M. Young (1998). Ontogenetic changes in phototaxis during
larval life of the ascidian Polyandrocarpa zorritensis (Van Name, 1931).
Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology

Emson, R.H. and C.M. Young (1998). Structure and function of the fleshy spines in
deep-sea echinothuriid sea urchins. Acta Zoologica.79:101-111.

Metaxas, A. and C.M. Young (1998). Behavior of echinoderm larvae around sharp
haloclines: effects of the salinity gradient and dietary conditioning. Marine
Biology 131:443-459.

Tyler, P.A. and C.M. Young (1998). Temperature and pressure tolerances in early
life history stages of the genus Echinus: a mechanism for invasion and
speciation in the deep sea. Deep-Sea Research 45:253-278.

Hodgson, A.N., K.J. Eckelbarger and C.M. Young (1998). Sperm morphology and
spermiogenesis in the methane-seep mollusc Bathynerita naticoidea
(Gastropoda: Neritimorpha) from the Louisiana Slope. Invertebrate Biology
117:199-207.

Maldonado, M. and C.M. Young (1998). A new species of poecilosclerid sponge
(Porifera) from bathyal methane seeps in the Gulf of Mexico. Journal of the
Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 78:1-12.

Metaxas, A. and C.M. Young (1998). Responses of echinoid larvae to food patches
of different algal densities. Marine Biology 130:433-445.

Maldonado, M. and C.M. Young (1998). Limits on the bathymetric distribution of
keratose sponges: a field test in deep water. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 174:123-
139.

1997:
Young, C.M., M.A. Sewell, P.A. Tyler and A. Metaxas (1997). Biogeographic and
bathymetric ranges of Atlantic deep-sea echinoderms and ascidians: the role of
larval dispersal. Biodiversity and Conservation 6:1507-1522.

Sewell, M.A. and C.M. Young (1997). Are echinoderm egg size distributions
bimodal? Biological Bulletin 193:297-305.

Eckelbarger, K.J. and C.M. Young (1997). Ultrastructure of the ovary and oogenesis
in the methane-seep mollusc Bathynerita naticoidea (Gastropoda: Neritidae)
from the Louisiana Slope. Invertebrate Biology 116:299-312.

Maldonado, M., S.B. George, C.M. Young and I. Vaquerizo (1997). Depth regulation
in parenchymella larvae of a demosponge: relative roles of skeletogenesis,
biochemical changes and behavior. Marine Ecology Progress Series 148:115-
124.

Young, C.M. and E. Vazquez (1997). Agnezia monnioti and Styela gagetyleri, new
deep-sea ascidians specialized for life within and below the oxygen minimum
layer in the Arabian Sea. Invertebrate Biology 116:262-276.

Young, C.M., P.A. Tyler and L. Fenaux (1997). Potential for deep-sea invasion by
Mediterranean shallow-water echinoids: pressure and temperature as stagespecific
dispersal barriers. Marine Ecology Progress Series 154:197-209.

Sewell, M.A., P.A. Tyler, C.M. Young and C. Conand (1997). Ovarian development in
the class holothuroidea: a reassessment of the tubule recruitment model.
Biological Bulletin 192:17-26.

Creasey, S., A.D. Rogers, P.A. Tyler, C.M. Young and J.D. Gage (1997). The
population biology and genetics of the deep-sea spider crab Encephaloides
armstrongi Wood-Mason 1891 (Decapoda: Majidae). Philosophical
Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 352:365-379.

George, S.B., C.M. Young and L. Fenaux (1997). Proximate composition of eggs and
larvae of the sand dollar Encope michelini : the advantage of higher investment
in planktotrophic eggs. International Journal of Invertebrate Reproduction and
Development 32:11-19.

1996:
Maldonado, M. and C.M. Young. (1996). Effects of physical factors on larval behavior,
settlement and recruitment of four tropical demosponges. Marine Ecology
Progress Series 138:169-180.

Young, C.M., E. Vazquez, A. Metaxas and P.A. Tyler (1996). Embryology of
vestimentiferan tube worms from deep-sea methane/sulfide seeps. Nature
314:514-16.

Young, C.M., M. Devin, W.B. Jaeckle and S. Ekaratne (1996). The potential for
ontogenetic vertical migration in larvae of deep-sea echinoids. Oceanologica
Acta 19:263-271.

Maldonado, M. and C.M. Young (1996). Bathymetric patterns of sponge distribution
on the Bahamian Slope. Deep-sea Research I 43:897-915.

Young, C.M., P.A. Tyler and J.D. Gage (1996). Vertical distribution correlates with
pressure tolerances of cleaving embryos in the deep-sea asteroid Plutonaster
bifrons. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
76:749-757.

Tyler, P.A., A.L. Rice, C.M. Young and A. Gebruk (1996). A walk on the deep side:
animals in the deep sea. Pp. 195-211 In, C.P. Summerhayes & S.A. Thorpe,
eds. Oceanography: an illustrated guide. Manson Publishing, London.

1995:
Young, C.M. (1995). Behavior and locomotion during the dispersal phase of larval
life. Pp. 249-277 In, L. McEdward, ed. Ecology of Marine Invertebrate Larvae.
CRC Press.

Vazquez, E. and C.M. Young (1995). Responses of compound ascidian larvae to
haloclines. Marine Ecology Progress Series 133:179-190.

Levitan, D.R. & C.M. Young (1995). Reproductive success in large populations:
empirical measures and theoretical predictions of fertilization in the sea biscuit
Clypeaster rosaceaus. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
190:221-241.

Young, C.M., P.A. Tyler and R.H. Emson (1995). Embryonic pressure tolerances of
bathyal and shallow-water echinoids from the tropical Atlantic and Pacific
Oceans. pp. 325-331 in, R.H. Emson, A.B. Smith and A.C. Campbell, eds.,
Echinoderm Research 1995. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Tyler, P., C.M. Young and K. Serafy (1995). Distribution, diet and reproduction in the
genus Echinus: Evidence for recent diversification? pp. 29-35 in, R.H. Emson,
A.B. Smith and A.C. Campbell, eds., Echinoderm Research 1995. Balkema,
Rotterdam.

Bingham, B.L. and C.M. Young (1995). Stochastic events and dynamics of a
mangrove root epifaunal community. Marine Ecology PSZN I. 16:145-163.

Young, C.M. and R.H. Emson (1995). Rapid arm movements in stalked crinoids.
Biological Bulletin 188:89-97.

Young, C.M. and E. Vazquez (1995). Morphology, larval development and spatial
distribution of Bathypera feminalba n. sp. (Ascidiacea: Pyuridae), a new deepwater
ascidian from the fjords and sounds of British Columbia. Invertebrate
Biology 114:89-106.

Tyler, P.A., S.K. Bronsdon, C.M. Young and A.L. Rice (1995). Ecology and
gametogenic biology of the genus Umbellula (Pennatulacea) in the North
Atlantic Ocean. Int. Revue ges. Hydrobiol. 80:1-13.

Vazquez, E. and C.M. Young (1995). Rhopalaea cloneyi (Ascidiacea, Cionidae), a
new deep-water ascidian from the coast of British Columbia. Journal of
Zoology 238: 599-610.

1994:
Young, C.M. (1994). A tale of two dogmas: the early history of deep-sea
reproductive biology. Pp. 1-25 in, C.M. Young and K.J. Eckelbarger, eds.,
Reproduction, larval biology and recruitment of the deep-sea benthos.
Columbia University Press.

Wilkie, I.C., R.H. Emson and C.M. Young (1994). Variable tensility of the ligaments in
the stalk of a sea-lily. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 109A:633-
641.

Young, C.M. (1994). The ecology of external fertilization in deep-sea echinoderms.
Pp. 179-200 in, C.M. Young and K.J. Eckelbarger, eds., Reproduction, larval
biology and recruitment of the deep-sea benthos. Columbia University Press.

Barile, P.J., A.W. Stoner and C.M. Young (1994). Phototaxis and vertical migration of
the queen conch (Strombus gigas Linne) veliger larvae. Journal of
Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 183:147-162.

Emson, R.H. and C.M. Young (1994). The feeding mechanism of a brisingid sea star,
Novodinea antillensis. Marine Biology 118:433-442.

1993:
Wilkie, I.C., R.H. Emson and C.M. Young (1993). Smart collagen in sea lilies. Nature
366:519-520.

Young, C.M. and P.A. Tyler (1993). Embryos of the deep-sea echinoid Echinus
affinus require high pressure for fertilization. Limnology and Oceanography
38:178-181.

Emson, R.H., C.M. Young and G. Patterson (1993). A fire worm with a sheltered life:
the amphinomid polychaete Benthoscolex cubanus as an internal associate of
bathyal sea urchins. Journal of Natural History 27:1013-1028.

Young, C.M., Tyler, P.A., Emson, R.H. and J.D. Gage (1993). Perception and
selection of macrophyte detrital falls by the bathyal echinoid Stylocidaris
lineata. Deep-sea Research 40:1475-1486.

Lawson, G., P.A. Tyler & C.M. Young (1993). Attraction of deep-sea amphipods to
macroalgal food falls. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
169:33-39.

Bingham, B.L. and C.M. Young (1993). Larval phototaxis in barnacles and snails
associated with bathyal sea urchins. Deep-sea Research 40:1-12.

Dalby, J.E. and C.M. Young (1993). Variable effects of ascidian competitors on
oysters in a Florida epifaunal community. Journal of Experimental Marine
Biology and Ecology 167:47-57.

Olson, R.R., J.L. Cameron and C.M. Young (1993). Larval development of the pencil
urchin Phyllacanthus imperialis: a unique lecithotrophic echinopluteus.
Biological Bulletin 185:77-85.

1992:
Tyler, P.A. and C.M. Young (1992). Reproduction of marine invertebrates in stable
environments: the deep-sea model. Invertebrate Reproduction and
Development 22:185-192.

Young, C.M. (1992). Episodic recruitment and cohort dominance in Bahamian
echinoid populations at bathyal depths. Pp. 239-246 in, G. Columbo et al., eds.
Marine Eutrophication and Population Dynamics. Olsen & Olsen, Denmark.

Eckelbarger, K.J. and C.M. Young (1992). Comparative vitellogenesis and
ultrastructure of the ovary in ten species of shallow water and bathyal sea
cucumbers (Holothuroidea: Echinodermata). Journal of the Marine Biological
Association of the United Kingdom 72:759-781.

Tyler, P.A., D.M.S. Billett, C.M. Young and L.A. Giles (1992). Pairing behavior,
reproduction and diet in the deep-sea holothurian genus Paroriza
(Holothuroidea; Synallactidae). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of
the United Kingdom 72:447-462.

Young, C.M., P.A. Tyler, J.L. Cameron and S. Rumrill (1992). Seasonal breeding
aggregations in low-density populations of the bathyal echinoid Stylocidaris
lineata. Marine Biology 113:603-612.

Dalby, J.E. & C.M. Young (1992). Role of early post-settlement mortality in setting
the upper depth limit of ascidians in Florida fouling communities. Marine
Ecology Progress Series 80:221-228.

Gerhart, D.J., D. Rittschof, I.R. Hooper, K. Eisenman, A.E. Meyer, R.E. Baier and
C.Young (1992). Rapid and inexpensive quantification of the combined polar
components of surface wettability: application to biofouling. Biofouling
5:251-259.

1991:
Bingham, B.L. & C.M. Young (1991). Allelopathy and the influence of sponges on
recruitment of marine invertebrate larvae. Marine Biology 109:19-26.
Svane, I. & C.M. Young (1991). Sensory structures in tadpole larvae of the ascidians
Microcosmus exasperatus Heller and Herdmania momus (Savigny). Acta
Zoologica 72:129-135.

Bingham, B.L. & C.M. Young (1991). Larval behavior of the ascidian Ecteinascidia
turbinata Herdman; an in situ experimental study of the effects of swimming on
dispersal.Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 145:189-204.

1990:
Young, C.M. (1990). Larval predation by epifauna on temperate reefs: scale, power,
and the scarcity of measurable effects. Australian Journal of Ecology 15:49-61.

McClintock, J.M., J.L. Cameron and C.M. Young (1990). Biochemical and energetic
composition of bathyal echinoids and an asteroid, holothuroid, and crinoid from
the Bahamas. Marine Biology 105:175-183.

Young, C.M. (1990). Larval ecology of marine invertebrates: a sesquicentennial
history. Ophelia 32:1-48.

1989:
Young, C.M. (1989). Larval depletion by ascidians has little effect on settlement of
epifauna. Marine Biology 102:481-489.

Young, C.M. (1989). Distribution and dynamics of an intertidal ascidian
pseudopopulation. Bulletin of Marine Science 45:288-303.

Young, C.M. (1989) Selection of predator-free settlement sites by larval ascidians.
Ophelia 30:131-140.

Young, C.M., J.L. Cameron and K.J. Eckelbarger (1989). Extended pre-feeding
period in a planktotrophic echinoid larva from the bathyal zone of the deep sea.
Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
69:695-702.

Young, C.M. and J.L. Cameron (1989). Developmental rate as a function of depth in
the bathyal echinoid Linopneustes longispinus. Pp. 225-231 in, J.S. Ryland &
P.A. Tyler (Eds.), Reproduction, Genetics and Distributions of Marine
Organisms. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg, Denmark.

Eckelbarger, K.J., C.M. Young and J.L. Cameron (1989). Ultrastructure and
development of dimorphic sperm in the abyssal echinoid Phrissocystis
multispina (Echinodermata: Echinoidea): implications for deep sea reproductive
biology. Biological Bulletin 176:257-271.

Eckelbarger, K.J., C.M. Young and J.L. Cameron (1989). Modified sperm in
echinoderms from the bathyal and abyssal zones of the deep sea. Pp. 67-74
in, J.S. Ryland & P.A. Tyler (Eds.): Reproduction, Genetics and Distributions of
Marine Organisms. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg, Denmark.

Young, C.M. and J.L. Cameron (1989). Differential predation by barnacles upon
larvae of two bryozoans: spatial effects at small scales. Journal of Experimental
Marine Biology and Ecology 128:283-294.

Eckelbarger, K.J., C.M. Young & J.L. Cameron (1989). Modified sperm ultrastructure
in four species of soft-bodied sea urchins (Echinodermata: Echinothuriidae)
from the bathyal zone of the deep sea. Biological Bulletin 177:230-236.

Svane, I. and C.M. Young (1989). The ecology and behavior of ascidian larvae.
Oceanography and Marine Biology, Annual Review 27:45-90.

Davis, A.R., N.M. Targett, O.J. McConnell and C.M. Young (1989). Epibiosis of
marine algae and benthic invertebrates: natural products chemistry and other
mechanisms of settlement and overgrowth inhibition. Bioorganic Marine
Chemistry 3:85-114.

1988:
Young, C.M. and N.J. Gotelli (1988). Larval predation by barnacles: effects on patch
colonization in a shallow subtidal community. Ecology 69:624-634.

Young, C.M. (1988). Ascidian cannibalism correlates with larval behavior and adult
distribution. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 117:9-26.

Young, C.M., R. Gowen, C.A. Pennechetti, J. Dalby, Jr., and D. Gagliardi (1988).
Distributional consequences of adhesive eggs and anural development in the
ascidian Molgula pacifica. Biological Bulletin 174:39-46.

Cameron, J.L., F.S. McEuen and C.M. Young (1988). Egg flotation rates of
Araeosoma fenestratum, an echinothuriid echinoid from bathyal depths.
Echinoderm Biology: Proceedings of the sixth International Echinoderm
Conference. Ed. by R.D. Burke, P.V. Mladenov, P. Lambert & R.L. Parsley.
A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp. 177-180.

1987:
Young, C.M. and F.S. Chia (1987). Abundance and distribution of pelagic larvae, as
influenced by predation, behavior, and hydrographic factors. Pages 385-463 in,
A.C. Giese, J.S. Pearse and V.B. Pearse (Eds.): Reproduction of Marine
Invertebrates, Vol. 9: General Aspects: Seeking Unity in Diversity.
Blackwell/Boxwood, Palo Alto and Pacific Grove, California.

Young, C.M. and B.L. Bingham (1987). Chemical defense and aposematic coloration
in tadpole larvae of the ascidian Ecteinascidia turbinata. Marine Biology
96:539-544.

Young, C.M. and J.L. Cameron (1987). Laboratory and in situ flotation rates of
lecithotrophic eggs from the bathyal echinoid Phormosoma placenta. Deep
Sea Research 34:1629-1639.

Gotelli, N.J., F.G. Lewis and C.M. Young (1987). Body size differences in a
colonizing amphipod-mollusc assemblage. Oecologia 72:104-08.
1986:

Young, C.M. (1986). Direct observations of field swimming behavior in tadpole larvae
of the colonial ascidian Ecteinascidia turbinata. Bulletin of Marine Science
39(2):279-289.

Young, C.M. (1986). Defenses and refuges: alternative mechanisms of coexistence
between a predatory gastropod and its ascidian prey. Marine Biology 91:513-
522.

Young, C.M., P.G. Greenwood, and C.A. Powell (1986). The ecological role of
defensive secretions in the intertidal pulmonate Onchidella borealis. Biological
Bulletin 171:391-404.

1985:
Young, C.M. (1985). Consequences of predation by the asteroid Evasterias
troschellii in a soft-sediment ascidian community. In, B.F. Keegan and B.D.S.
O’Connor, eds., Echinodermata: proceedings of the fifth international
echinoderm conference. pp. 577-583. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Young, C.M. (1985). Abundance patterns of subtidal solitary ascidians in the San
Juan Islands, Washington, as influenced by food preferences of the predatory
snail Fusitriton oregonensis. Marine Biology 84:309-321.

Young, C.M. and F.S. Chia (1985). An experimental test of shadow response
function in ascidian tadpoles. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and
Ecology 85:165- 175.

1984:
Young, C.M. and F.S. Chia (1984). Microhabitat-associated variability in survival and
growth of juvenile solitary ascidians during the first 21 days after settlement.
Marine Biology 81:61-68.

Chia, F.S., J. Buckland-Nicks and C.M. Young (1984). Locomotion of marine
invertebrate larvae: a review. Canadian Journal of Zoology 62:1205- 1222.

Chia, F.S., C.M. Young and F.S. McEuen (1984). The role of larval settlement
behavior in controlling patterns of abundance in echinoderms. Advances in
Invertebrate Reproduction, 3:409-424.

1983:
Cowden, C., C.M. Young and F.S. Chia (1983). Differential predation on marine
invertebrate larvae by two benthic predators. Marine Ecology Progress Series
14:145- 149.

1982:
Young, C.M. and F.S. Chia (1982). Factors controlling spatial distribution of the sea
cucumber Psolus chitonoides: settling and post- settling behavior. Marine
Biology 69:195-205.

Young, C.M. and F.S. Chia (1982). Ontogeny of phototaxis during larval
development of the sedentary polychaete Serpula vermicularis L. Biological
Bulletin 162:457-468.

1981:
Young, C.M. and F.S. Chia (1981). Laboratory evidence for delay of larval
settlement in response to a dominant competitor. International Journal of
Invertebrate Reproduction 3:221-226.

1980:
Young, C.M. and L.F. Braithwaite (1980). Orientation and current- induced flow in the
stalked ascidian Styela montereyensis. Biological Bulletin 159:428-440.

Young, C.M. and L.F. Braithwaite (1980). Larval behavior and early post-settling
morphology in the ascidian Chelyosoma productum Stimpson. Journal of
Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 42:157-169.

CONTRIBUTED PAPERS AT SCIENTIFIC MEETINGS (asterisk indicates authorship of more than 1 talk)
Western Soc. of Naturalists: 1977, 1978, 1979, 1981*, 1982, 1985, 1987, 1995
American Society of Zoologists/SICB: 1980, 1983, 1984, 1986*, 1991*, 1994, 1999, 2001*
International Society for Invert. Reprod. and Devel.: 1983, 1993, 1996*
European Marine Biology Symposium: 1988*, 1990*, 1999*, 2003
American Association for the Advancement of Science: 1978
International Echinoderm Conference: 1984, 1987*, 1993*, 1996*, 2000*
European Echinoderm Colloquium: 1995, 1998
North American Echinoderm Colloquium: 1992
Canadian Society of Zoologists: 1980
Ecology of Temperate Reefs: 1989
Deep-Sea Biology Meetings: 1991*, 1994*, 1997*, 2000*, 2003*
International Meeting on Hydrothermal Vent Biology: 1999*, 2002*, 2005
Benthic Ecology Meetings: 1983, 1994*, 1998*, 1999*, 2002*, 2005*
Larval Biology Meetings: 1993*, 1995*, 1998*, 2002*, 2004*