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Tim Scott
United States Senator
from South Carolina
Assumed office
January 2, 2013[1]
Serving with Lindsey Graham
Appointed by Nikki Haley
Preceded by Jim DeMint
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 1st district
In office
January 3, 2011 – January 2, 2013
Preceded by Henry E. Brown Jr.
Succeeded by Mark Sanford
Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives
from the 117th district
In office
January 3, 2009 – January 3, 2011
Preceded by Tom Dantzler
Succeeded by Bill Crosby
Member of the Charleston County Council
from the 3rd district
In office
February 8, 1995 – January 3, 2009
Preceded by Keith Summey
Succeeded by Elliott Summey
Personal details
Born Timothy Eugene Scott
(1965-09-19) September 19, 1965 (age 52)
North Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.
Political party Republican
Education Presbyterian College
Charleston Southern University (BS)
Website Senate website

Timothy Eugene Scott (born September 19, 1965) is an American businessman and Republican politician serving as the junior United States Senator for South Carolina since 2013. In 2013, he was appointed U.S. Senator by South Carolina governor Nikki Haley to replace the retiring Jim DeMint. Scott later won a Senate special election in 2014 and was elected to a full term in 2016. A conservative, Scott was endorsed for the Senate by Tea Party groups.[2][3]

In 2010, Scott was elected to the United States House of Representatives for South Carolina's 1st congressional district, where he served from 2011 to 2013. Previously, Scott served one term (from 2009 to 2011) in the South Carolina General Assembly and served on the Charleston County council from 1996 to 2008.[3][4]

As of July 2018, Scott is one of three African-Americans in the U.S. Senate, along with Democrats Cory Booker of New Jersey and Kamala Harris of California. He is the first African-American senator from the state of South Carolina, the first African-American senator to be elected from the southern United States since 1881 (four years after the end of the Reconstruction Era), and the first African-American Republican to serve in the U.S. Senate since Edward Brooke departed in 1979.[5][6][7] He was the first Republican African-American U.S. Representative from South Carolina since 1897.[8]

Early life, education, and business career[edit]

Scott was born in North Charleston, South Carolina, a son of Frances, a nursing assistant, and Ben Scott, Sr.[9] His parents were divorced when he was 7. He grew up in working class poverty with his mother working 16-hour days to support her family, including Tim's brothers.[3] His older brother is a sergeant major in the U.S. Army.[10] Scott's younger brother is a U.S. Air Force colonel.

Scott attended Presbyterian College from 1983 to 1984, on a partial football scholarship. He graduated from Charleston Southern University in 1988 with a B.S. in Political Science.[2][11] Scott is also an alumnus of South Carolina's Palmetto Boys State program, an experience which he cites as an influential factor in his decision to enter public service.

In addition to his political career, Scott owns an insurance agency, Tim Scott Allstate,[12] and worked as a financial adviser.[3]

Charleston County Council (1995–2008)[edit]

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Scott ran in a February 1995 special election to the Charleston County Council at-large seat vacated by Keith Summey, who resigned his seat after being elected as Mayor of North Charleston.[13][14] Scott won the seat as a Republican, receiving nearly 80% of the vote in the white-majority district, which since the late 20th century has voted Republican.[15] He became the first black Republican elected to any office in South Carolina since the late 19th century.[4]

Scott was on the County Council for a time alongside Paul Thurmond, the son of the late Republican U.S. Senator, Strom Thurmond, who had switched in 1964 from the Democratic Party to the Republican Party.[16]

In 1996, Scott challenged Democratic State Senator Robert Ford in South Carolina's 42nd Senate district, but lost 65%–35%.[2][17]

Scott won re-election to the County Council in 2000, again winning in white-majority districts.[18] In 2004, he won re-election again with 61% of the vote, defeating Democrat Elliot Summey (son of Mayor Keith Summey).[19][20]

Tenure[edit]

Scott was on the Council from 1995 until 2008, becoming Chairman in 2007.[9] In 1997, Scott supported posting the Ten Commandments outside the county council chambers, saying it would remind members of the absolute rules they should follow. The county council unanimously approved the display, and Scott nailed a Black Odomolor Pu Backpacks Backpacks Casual Daypack Fashion Women's Hiking vP8Awvpq version of the Commandments to the wall. Shortly after, the ACLU and Americans United for Separation of Church and State challenged this in a federal suit. After an initial court ruling that the display was unconstitutional, the council settled out of court to avoid accruing more legal fees.[21] Regarding the costs of the suit, Scott said, "Whatever it costs in the pursuit of this goal (of displaying the Commandments) is worth it."[21]

In January 2001, the U.S. Department of Justice sued Charleston County, South Carolina for racial discrimination under the Voting Rights Act, based on its having all its council seats elected by at-large districts. This dilutes the votes of a minority group. DOJ had attempted to negotiate with county officials on this issue in November 2000. Justice officials noted that at-large seats dilute the voting strength of the significant African-American minority in the county, who in 2000 comprised 34.5% of the population. They have been unable to elect any "candidates of their choice" for years. Whites or European Americans comprise 61.9 percent of the population in the county.[22] Since the late 20th century, the majority-white voters have elected Republican Party candidates. County officials noted that the majority of voters in 1989 had approved electing members by at-large seats in a popular referendum.[23]

Scott, the only African-American member of the county council, has said about this case and the alternative of electing council members from single-member districts,

I don't like the idea of segregating everyone into smaller districts. Besides, the Justice Department assumes that the only way for African-Americans to have representation is to elect an African-American, and the same for whites. Obviously, my constituents don't think that's true.[23]

The Department of Justice alleged that the voting preference issue was not a question of ethnicity, stating that voters in black precincts in the county had rejected Scott as a candidate for the council. The lawsuit noted that because of the white majority, "white bloc voting usually results in the defeat of candidates who are preferred by black voters."[23] The Department added that blacks live in compact areas of the county, and could comprise a majority in three districts if the county seats were apportioned as nine single-member districts.[23]

Committee assignments

  • Economic Development Committee (Chair)[24]

South Carolina House of Representatives (2009–2011)[edit]

Elections[edit]

In 2008, incumbent Republican State Representative Tom Dantzler decided to retire. With support from advisors such as Nicolas Muzin,[25] Scott decided to run for his seat in District 117 of the South Carolina House of Representatives and won the Republican primary with 53% of the vote, defeating Bill Crosby and Wheeler Tillman.[26] He won the general election unopposed,[27] becoming the first Republican African American U.S. Representative from South Carolina in more than 100 years.[28][29]

Tenure[edit]

Scott supported South Carolina's right-to-work laws and argued that Boeing chose South Carolina as a site for manufacturing for that reason.[30]

In South Carolina Club for Growth's 2009–2010 scorecard, Scott earned a B and a score of 80 out of 100.[31] He was praised by the South Carolina Association of Taxpayers, for his "diligent, principled and courageous stands against higher taxes."[32]

Committee assignments

  • Judiciary
  • Labor, Commerce and Industry
  • Ways and Means[33]

United States House of Representatives (2011–2013)[edit]

Elections[edit]

2010

Scott entered the election for lieutenant governor but switched to run for South Carolina's 1st congressional district following the retirement announcement of Republican incumbent Henry Brown. The 1st district is based in Charleston, and includes approximately the northern 3/4 of the state's coastline (except for Beaufort and Hilton Head Island. Since redistricting, they have been included in the 2nd District.)[34]

Scott ranked first in the nine-candidate Republican primary of June 8, 2010, receiving a plurality of 32% of the vote.[35] Fellow Charleston County Councilman Paul Thurmond, son of U.S. Senator Strom Thurmond, ranked second with 16% of the vote. Carroll A. Campbell III, the son of former Governor Carroll A. Campbell, Jr., ranked third with 14% of the vote.[16][36] Charleston County School Board member Larry Kobrovsky ranked fourth with 11% of the vote. Five other candidates had single digit percentages.[37]

Because no candidate had received 50 percent or more of the vote, a runoff was held on June 22, 2010. Scott faced off against Paul Thurmond. Scott was endorsed by the anti-tax Club for Growth,[38] various Tea Party movement groups, former Alaska Governor and Vice Presidential nominee Sarah Palin,[3][39] Republican House Whip Eric Cantor,[40] former Arkansas governor Mike Huckabee,[41] South Carolina Senator Jim DeMint, and the founder of the Minuteman Project.[2] Scott defeated Thurmond[42] 68%–32% and won every county in the congressional district.[43][44]

According to the Capacity Backpack Fashion Wild Dachui C d Bag Light Large AIxqww7t4, Scott "swamped his opponents in fundraising, spending almost $725,000 during the election cycle to less than $20,000 for his November opponents".[3] He won the general election, defeating Democrat Ben Frasier 65%–29%.[45] With this election, Scott and Allen West of Florida became the first African-American Republicans in Congress since J.C. Watts retired in 2003.[46] Scott also became the first African-American Republican elected to Congress from South Carolina in 114 years.[8] From the period of 1895 to after 1965, most African-Americans had been disenfranchised in the state, and they had comprised most of the Republican Party when they were excluded from the political system.

2012

Scott was unopposed in the primary and won the general election, defeating Democrat Bobbie Rose 62%–36%.[47][48]

Tenure[edit]

Scott's official 112th Congress portrait

Scott, one of two African-American Republicans elected to the House in 2010, declined to join the Congressional Black Caucus.[49]

In March 2011, Scott co-sponsored a welfare reform bill that would deny food stamps to families whose incomes were lowered to the point of eligibility because a family member was participating in a labor strike.[50][51] He introduced legislation in July 2011 to strip the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) of its power to prohibit employers from relocating to punish workers who join unions or strike.[52] The rationale for the legislation is that government agencies should not be able to tell private employers where they can run a business.[52] Scott described the legislation as a common sense proposal that would fix a flaw in federal labor policy and benefit the national and local economies.[52] The NLRB had recently opposed the relocation of a Boeing production facility from Washington state to South Carolina.[52]

Scott successfully advocated for federal funds for a Charleston harbor dredging project estimated at $300 million, arguing that the project is neither an earmark nor an example of wasteful government spending.[53] He said the project was merit-based, and in the national interest because larger cargo ships could use the port and jobs would be created.[53]

During the summer 2011 debate over raising the U.S. debt ceiling, Scott supported the inclusion of a balanced budget constitutional amendment in the debt ceiling bill, and opposed legislation that did not include the amendment. Before voting "no" on the final bill to raise the U.S. debt ceiling, Scott and other first-term conservatives prayed for guidance in a congressional chapel. Afterward, Scott asserted that he had received divine inspiration regarding his vote, and joined the rest of the South Carolina congressional delegation in voting "no" on the measure.[54][55]

  • Taxes and spending – Scott believes that federal spending and taxes should be reduced,[2] with a Balanced Budget Amendment and the FairTax respectively being implemented for spending and taxes.
  • Health care – Scott believes the 2010 health care reform law should be repealed.[2][56][57] Scott states that the health care in the U.S. is one of the greatest in the world,[57] stating that people all over the world come to study in American medical schools, waiting lists are rare, and Americans are able to choose their insurance, providers, and course of treatment.[57] Scott supports an alternative to the health care bill that he says keeps these benefits while controlling costs by reforming the medical tort system by having a limit on non-economic damages[57] and by reforming Medicare.[57] In January 2014 Scott signed an amicus brief in support of Senator Ron Johnson's legal challenge against the U.S. Office of Personnel Management's Affordable Care Act ruling.[58][59][60]
  • Earmarks – Scott opposes earmarks, and yet he successfully advocated for federal funds for a Charleston harbor dredging project estimated at $300 million.[2]
  • Economic development – He supports infrastructure development and public works for his district.[2] He opposes restrictions on deepwater oil drilling.[2]
  • Social issues – Scott describes himself as pro-life. Scott supports adult and cord blood stem cell research.[61] He opposes embryonic stem cell research funded by taxpayers.[62] He opposes the creation of human embryos for experimentation.[63] and opposes assisted suicide.[61] Scott opposes same-sex marriage.[64]
  • Immigration – Scott supports federal legislation that is similar to the Arizona law, Arizona SB 1070.[65] He supports strengthening penalties for employers who knowingly hire illegal immigrants.[65] He also promotes cultural assimilation by making English the official language in the government, and by requiring new immigrants to learn English.[65]
  • Labor – Scott introduced a bill which would deny food stamps to families whose incomes were lowered to the point of eligibility because a family member was participating in a labor strike.[66]
  • Foreign policy – Scott advocates a continued military presence in Afghanistan and believes an early withdrawal will benefit Al-Qaeda. He also views Iran as the world's most dangerous country and believes that the US should aid pro-democracy groups there.[67] Scott opposed the 2011 military intervention in Libya.[68]
  • Police body cameras – After the shooting of Walter Scott (no relation), Scott urged the Senate to hold hearings on police body cameras.[69]
Scott speaking at a Veterans Day event in 2011

Committee assignments

Scott was appointed by the House Republican Steering Committee to both the Committee on Transportation and the Committee on Small Business.[70] He was later appointed to the powerful Committee on Rules and relinquished his other two committee assignments.[71]

U.S. Senate[edit]

2012 appointment[edit]

On December 17, 2012, South Carolina governor Nikki Haley announced she would appoint Scott to replace retiring Senator Jim DeMint, who had previously announced that he would retire from the Senate to become the President of The Heritage Foundation.[72] Scott is the first African American to be a U.S. Senator from South Carolina. Scott was one of three black U.S. Senators in the 113th Congress alongside Mo Cowan and later Cory Booker (and the first since Senator Roland Burris retired in 2010 after succeeding President Barack Obama). He is the first African American to be as a U.S. Senator from the Southern United States since Reconstruction.[73] From 1890 to 1908 Democratic-controlled state legislatures passed new constitutions and laws that disfranchised most blacks and many poor whites across the South, securing power for white politicians from in the Democratic Party.

During two periods, first from January 2, 2013 until February 1, 2013, and again from July 16, 2013 until October 31, 2013, Scott was the only African-American Senator. He and Cowan were the first black senators to serve alongside each other.

News media reported that Scott, along with Rep. Trey Gowdy, former South Carolina Attorney General Henry McMaster, former First Lady of South Carolina Jenny Sanford, and Catherine Templeton, Director of the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control, were on Governor Haley's short list to replace Sen. DeMint.[74] In her decision to pick Scott, Governor Haley said: "It is important to me, as a minority female, that Congressman Scott earned this seat, he earned this seat for the person that he is. He earned this seat with the results he has shown."[75]

2014 election[edit]

Scott ran in November 2014 to win the final two years of Jim DeMint's term and won.[76]

2016 election[edit]

Scott won re-election to a first full term in office in November 2016.[77] He was endorsed by the Club for Growth.[78]

In July 2018, Scott introduced a bipartisan bill, along with Democratic Senators Cory Booker and Kamala Harris, to make lynching a federal hate crime.[79]

Positions[edit]Gwqgz Spanning Bag Skewing Simple Handwoven Single New Shoulder And Bag Generous Fashion Lady TqArZw4T

Environment[edit]

In 2017, Scott was one of 22 senators to sign a letter[80] to President Donald Trump urging the President to have the United States withdraw from the Paris Agreement. According to the Center for Responsive Politics, Scott has received over $540,000 from oil, gas and coal interests since 2012.[81]

Judicial nomination[edit]

Tim Scott did not support Trump's nominee, Ryan Bounds, to the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, effectively "derailing" the nomination. His reasoning to do so was based on Bounds' perceived "bigoted statements he made as a Stanford student in the 1990s." Marco Rubio joined him in opposing the nomination shortly after, prompting Mitch McConnell to withdraw the nomination altogether.[82] The American Bar Association's (ABA) unanimously voted to rate Bounds "Qualified" for the Ninth Circuit after reviewing his full record.[6]

Committee assignments

Personal life[edit]

Scott is unmarried.[9] He owns an insurance agency and he is also a partner in Pathway Real Estate Group, LLC.[4] Scott is a devout evangelical Christian.[83][84][85] He is a member of Seacoast Church, a large evangelical church in Charleston, and is a former member of that church's board. Republican leadership has praised Scott's background as an example of achieving the American dream according to a conservative model.[86]

Electoral history[edit]

Republican Primary - 2008 South Carolina General Assembly 117th District
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tim Scott 1,333 53.30
Republican William Bill Crosby 647 25.87
Republican Wheeler Tillman 521 20.83
General election 2008 – South Carolina General Assembly 117th District [87]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tim Scott 9,080 99.27
Write-in Various 67 0.73
Total votes 9,147 100
Turnout 76.02
Republican Primary – 2010 1st Congressional District of South Carolina [88]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tim Scott 25,457 31.49
Republican Paul Thurmond 13,149 16.26
Republican Carroll Campbell 11,665 14.43
Republican Larry Kobrovsky 8,521 10.54
Republican Stovall Witte 7,192 8.90
Republican Clark B Parker 6,769 8.37
Republican Katherine Jenerette 3,849 4.76
Republican Mark Lutz 3,237 4.0
Republican Ken Glasson 1,006 1.24
Total votes 80,845 100
Turnout 24.11
Republican Primary Runoff – 2010 1st Congressional District of South Carolina [89]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tim Scott 46,885 68
Republican Paul Thurmond 21,706 32
2010 1st Congressional District of South Carolina Elections [45]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tim Scott 152,755 65.37
Democratic Ben Frasier 67,008 28.67
Turnout 51.89
2014 United States Senate Special Republican Primary Election in South Carolina [90]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tim Scott 276,147 89.98
Republican Randall Young 30,741 10.02
Turnout 15.97
2014 United States Senate Special Election in South Carolina [91]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tim Scott 757,215 61.12
Democratic Joyce Dickerson 459,583 37.09
Independent Jill Bossi 21,652 1.75
Other Write-Ins 532 0.04
Turnout 43.00

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2012 Congressional Record, Vol. 158, Page H7467 (December 30, 2012)
  2. ^ a b c d e f Byblos Blu Bronze 675p62 Shopper Mujer Blu Byblos g h i "Guide to the New Congress" (PDF). CQ Roll Call. November 4, 2010. p. 59. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 8, 2011. Retrieved July 31, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "SC elects black GOP congressman; 1st since 2003". The Washington Post. The Associated Press. November 2, 2010. Retrieved July 29, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c "Tim Scott Biography" (PDF). Tim Scott for Congress. Retrieved July 29, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Political firsts: How history was made this midterm election". Usatoday.com. 2014-11-05. Retrieved 2015-06-12. 
  6. ^ Reed, Adolph (2012-12-18). "The Puzzle of Black Republicans". New York Times. Retrieved 2018-07-09. 
  7. ^ Bainum, Stefanie. Tim Scott speaks out on becoming a US Senator, ABC-TV News 4 Charleston, SC, January 3, 2013.
  8. ^ a b Caroline May (November 2, 2010). "Tim Scott: first black Republican elected to Congress from the South since Reconstruction". The Daily Caller. Retrieved July 29, 2011. 
  9. ^ a b c "Members of the House Representative Timothy E. Scott". Official Web Site of the State of South Carolina. Archived from the original on July 31, 2011. Retrieved February 6, 2011. 
  10. ^ Seelye, Katharine Q. S. Carolina Candidate Shrugs Off History’s Lure, New York Times, June 25, 2010.
  11. ^ "Scott, Tim (1965–)". Biographical Directory for the U.S. Congress. Retrieved July 30, 2011. 
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  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ [2][dead link]
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  16. ^ a b Behre, Robert. Thurmond, Scott head for runoff, Charleston Post and Courier, June 9, 2010.
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  21. ^ a b "Council hopes to end Commandments suit". The Augusta Chronicle. The Associated Press. August 16, 1998. Retrieved August 1, 2011. 
  22. ^ "American FactFinder". Bag For Women Brown Brown Fabric Cotton Shirtinstyle SwUqB. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  23. ^ a b c d DAVID FIRESTONE (19 January 2001). "U.S. Sues Charleston County, S.C., Alleging Violation of Black Voting Rights". New York Times. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  24. ^ "Meet Tim Scott". Vote Tim Scott. Retrieved January 22, 2011. 
  25. ^ JTA Canadian-born Orthodox Jew Nick Muzin helps boost black GOP Sen. Tim Scott to prominence, February 12, 2013
  26. ^ "SC State House 117 – R Primary Race – Jun 10, 2008". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  27. ^ "SC State House 117 Race – Nov 04, 2008". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
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  29. ^ "South Carolina Legislature Mobile". Scstatehouse.gov. September 19, 1965. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  30. ^ Yvonne Wenger. "Scott touts S.C.'s right-to-work status". Post and Courier. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  31. ^ "The Club for Growth – South Carolina, 2009–2010 House Scorecard" (PDF). Scclubforgrowth.org. Retrieved 2015-06-12. 
  32. ^ "Tim Scott Praised By SC Taxpayer Association". FITSNews. March 6, 2010. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  33. ^ "South Carolina Legislature Mobile". Scstatehouse.gov. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  34. ^ MacDougall, David. Barrett, Scott win vote. Charleston Post and Courier. January 16, 2010.
  35. ^ Radnofsky, Louise. GOP’s Tim Scott Pulls Ahead in S.C. House Primary, Wall Street Journal, June 9, 2010.
  36. ^ Weigel, David. Black Republican headed for congressional runoff in South Carolina, Washington Post, June 9, 2010.
  37. ^ "SC District 01 – R Primary Race – Jun 08, 2010". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  38. ^ Hamby, Peter. Historical Overtones in SC House Race, CNN, June 9, 2010.
  39. ^ Isenstadt, Alex. Palin backs Scott, Politico, June 19, 2010.
  40. ^ Schroeder, Robert.Fiscal conservatives try to outdo each other in S. Carolina, Health care, spending among top issues for Republicans in runoffs, Marketwatch, June 18, 2010.
  41. ^ "Governor Mike Huckabee and HUCKPAC Endorse Tim Scott For Congress From South Carolina". Huck PAC. June 17, 2010. 
  42. ^ Kiely, Kathy.Tim Scott wins nomination to become first black Republican congressman since 2003, USA Today, June 22, 2010.
  43. ^ O'Connor, Patrick.Tim Scott, Black Republican, Nominated for Congress Seat in South Carolina, Bloomberg, June 22, 2010.
  44. ^ Breaking News: Tim Scott wins GOP nomination for First Congressional District Archived June 26, 2010, at the Wayback Machine., WCBD-TV, June 22, 2010.
  45. ^ a b "Official results". South Carolina State Election Commission. November 18, 2010. Retrieved November 22, 2010. 
  46. ^ NPR It's All Politics, James, Frank "Black GOP Lawmakers Face Tricky Relations With Democrats", January 4, 2011.
  47. ^ "SC – District 01 Race – Nov 06, 2012". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  48. Fashion Bag Rubber Female Shoulder Korean Bag Lady Bag Version Spring Messenger Pink q70x7Ew6 "Incumbent Rep. Tim Scott wins second term". WCBD. November 6, 2012. 
  49. ^ "Tim Scott Will Not Join Congressional Black Caucus: 'My Campaign Was Never About Race' – The Note". Blogs.abcnews.com. December 1, 2010. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  50. ^ Brian Montopoli (March 24, 2011). "Conservatives deny they seek to cut off food stamps for striking workers' families". CBS News. Retrieved August 6, 2011. 
  51. ^ Rep. Jim Jordan [R-OH4] (March 16, 2011). "H.R. 1135: Welfare Reform Act of 2011". GovTrack.us. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  52. ^ a b c d David Slade (July 20, 2011). "Tim Scott takes on NLRB". The Post and Courier. Charleston SC. Retrieved July 28, 2011. 
  53. ^ a b Ron Nixon (July 19, 2011). "Cost-Cutters, Except When the Spending Is Back Home". The New York Times. Retrieved August 7, 2011. 
  54. ^ David Espo (July 28, 2011). "Republicans put off vote on debt limit". The Associated Press. Retrieved August 7, 2011. 
  55. ^ Jennifer Steinhauer and Robert Pear (July 28, 2011). "Surprise Ending to Day of Strong-Arming, Head Counts and Meetings". The New York Times. Retrieved August 7, 2011. 
  56. ^ Jonsson, Patrik. Shoppers Debbie Shoulder Liebeskind Berlin Women elephant L Am Bags And Vintag Gray 5IqxR, Christian Science Monitor, June 15, 2010.
  57. ^ a b c d e Develop Better Healthcare Solutions Archived June 24, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.,
  58. ^ Ed O'Keefe. "38 GOP lawmakers join Ron Johnson's Obamacare lawsuit". Washington Post. 
  59. ^ O'Keefe, Ed (2014-04-22). "38 GOP lawmakers join Ron Johnson's Obamacare lawsuit". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2015-06-12. 
  60. ^ "38 GOP lawmakers join lawsuit against ObamaCare subsidies". Foxnews.com. 2014-04-23. Retrieved 2015-06-12. 
  61. ^ a b "Promote Our Values". Tim Scott for Congress. Retrieved November 30, 2010. 
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  63. ^ "Issue Position: Health Care". Votesmart.org. Retrieved January 22, 2011. 
  64. ^ "Tim Scott on Civil Rights". Ontheissues.org. Retrieved 2015-06-12. 
  65. ^ a b 25 School 30 Thick High Women For Child X Shopping Backpack Backpack Backpack length Girl Travel Leather 13 X Pink Women Cm Work Backpack Girl Wewod Pu xwqUgaSI Issue Position: Immigration,
  66. ^ Jeanne Cummings (April 21, 2011). "Freshmen learn to use bills the DC way". Politico. Retrieved April 21, 2011. 
  67. ^ "Win the War on Terror". Tim Scott for Congress. Retrieved February 8, 2011. 
  68. ^ "H.Con.Res. 51: Directing the President, pursuant to section 5(c) of the War ... (On the Resolution)". GovTrack.us. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  69. ^ Dennis Lynch. "Police Body Cameras: Sen. Tim Scott Urges Senate To Discuss Technology In Wake Of Walter Scott Shooting". Ibtimes.com. Retrieved 2015-06-12. 
  70. ^ Behre, Robert (December 17, 2010). "Assignments please Scott". Charleston Post Courier. Retrieved December 17, 2010. 
  71. ^ "Tim Scott on Government Reform". OnTheIssues.org. 
  72. ^ Steinhauer, Jennifer; Zeleny, Jeff (December 17, 2012). "Tim Scott to Be Named for Empty South Carolina Senate Seat, Republicans Say". New York Times. 
  73. ^ Camia, Catalina (December 17, 2012). "GOP's Tim Scott to be S.C.'s first black senator". usatoday.com. Retrieved December 17, 2012. 
  74. ^ "Nikki Haley's short list includes Tim Scott, Jenny Sanford". washingtonpost.com. December 11, 2012. 
  75. ^ "Nikki Haley appoints Rep. Tim Scott to Senate". washingtonpost.com. December 17, 2012. 
  76. ^ Collins, Jeffrey (November 4, 2014). "Tim Scott wins election for US Senate in SC". Washington Times. Retrieved 3 September 2015. 
  77. ^ Emily Cahn; Alexis Levinson (January 28, 2015). "Senators Confirm Re-Election Bids for 2016". Roll Call. Retrieved January 29, 2015. 
  78. ^ Cahn, Emily (November 12, 2014). "Club for Growth Endorses 6 Senators for 2016". Roll Call. Retrieved 10 December 2014. 
  79. ^ "3 Black U.S. Senators Introduce Bill to Make Lynching a Federal Hate Crime". Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  80. ^ Inhofe, James. "Senator". Retrieved 7 June 2017. 
  81. ^ "The Republicans who urged Trump to pull out of Paris deal are big oil darlings". The Guardian. June 1, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2017. 
  82. ^ Stern, Mark Joseph. Canvas Simple Zipper Messenger Comfortable Computer Gray Shopping Computer Retro Bag Bag Bag 0rxq048. Slate. Retrieved 19 July 2018. 
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  84. ^ debbie (September 21, 2010). "Exclusive Tim Scott Interview: No Racism in Tea Party". Blogs.cbn.com. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  85. ^ "Why Tim Scott Should Replace Jim DeMint". The Daily Beast. December 8, 2012. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  86. ^ Curtis, Mary (18 December 2012). "Tim Scott's importance as GOP senator and symbol". Washington Post. Retrieved 13 August 2014. 
  87. ^ "Statewide Results : 2008 General Election". Enr-scvotes.org. Retrieved 2015-06-12. 
  88. ^ "Statewide Results : 2010 Republican and Democratic Primary". Enr-scvotes.org. Retrieved 2015-06-12. 
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  90. ^ "South Carolina Statewide Primary Election Results". June 18, 2014. Retrieved February 23, 2017. 
  91. ^ "South Carolina Statewide General Election Results". December 15, 2014. Retrieved February 23, 2017. 

External links[edit]

South Carolina House of Representatives
Preceded by
Tom Dantzler
Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives
from the 117th district

2009–2011
Succeeded by
Bill Crosby
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Henry Brown
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 1st congressional district

2011–2013
Succeeded by
Mark Sanford
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Jim DeMint
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from South Carolina
2013–present
Served alongside: Lindsey Graham
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Jim DeMint
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from South Carolina
(Class 3)

2014, 2016
Most recent
Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Brian Schatz
United States Senators by seniority
62nd
Succeeded by
Tammy Baldwin